alzheimer

Advanced memoization with promise and stream support

npm install alzheimer
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Alzheimer

Alzheimer is a JavaScript memoization library for Node with support for streams and promises.

How can I speed up a slow function?
You might want to memoize it. This means you put a wrapper around it that caches the function's result so it can answer subsequent calls faster.

What does a memoization library do?
A memoization library such as Alzheimer creates this wrapper for you.

How does Alzheimer differ from other memoization libraries?
The difference from other libraries such as memo, memoize and memoizer is that Alzheimer also memoizes:

Usage

Installation

$ npm install alzheimer

API

The alzheimer module exposes an object with a single function remember(func, options).
Call remember with your function to retrieve a memoized version.
Memoized items can expire by setting options to { forget: { after: 60000 } }, where 60000 is the number of milliseconds an item can live.

Examples

Memoizing computation-intensive functions

This example illustrates how Alzheimer speeds up results by memoizing a function.

// Calculates a computation-intensive hash
function calculateBigHash(number) {
  for (var i = 1, result = 0; i < 20000; i++)
    for (var j = 2; j < 10000; j++)
      result = (result + number) * i % (j + 13);
  return result;
}

// Both calculations below take equal time
calculateBigHash(5)
calculateBigHash(5)

// Now create a memoized version of the function
var remember = require("alzheimer").remember;
computeBigHash = remember(computeBigHash);
// Only the first calculation below takes some time,
// The second and third ones return immediately
calculateBigHash(5)
calculateBigHash(5)
calculateBigHash(5)

Memoizing promises and streams

This example shows how Alzeimer can cache a stream resulting from a promise. The stream is actually played back, as the HTTP response is cached to disk. We also see that the cache can be kept fresh by demanding expiration.

var http = require("http"),
    promiscuous = require("promiscuous") /* or any Promise/A+ library */,
    remember = require("alzheimer").remember;

// Creates a promise to a stream of the specified HTTP resource
function request(url) {
  console.log("Downloading", url);
  var deferred = promiscuous.deferred();
  http.get(url, deferred.resolve);
  return deferred.promise;
};

// Memoize results of the `request` function for 2500 ms
var rememberedRequest = remember(request, { forget: { after: 2500 } });

// The first request will require a download
setTimeout(function () {
  console.log("Request 1");
  rememberedRequest("http://amazon.com/").then(function (response) {
    response.on("end", console.log.bind(console, "Response 1"));
  });
}, 100);

// This request won't require a download
setTimeout(function () {
  console.log("Request 2");
  rememberedRequest("http://amazon.com/").then(function (response) {
    response.on("end", console.log.bind(console, "Response 2"));
  });
}, 1000);

// This request won't require a download
setTimeout(function () {
  console.log("Request 3");
  rememberedRequest("http://amazon.com/").then(function (response) {
    response.on("end", console.log.bind(console, "Response 3"));
  });
}, 2000);

// This request will require a download again, since the cache result expired
setTimeout(function () {
  console.log("Request 4");
  rememberedRequest("http://amazon.com/").then(function (response) {
    response.on("end", console.log.bind(console, "Response 4"));
  });
}, 3000);

License

Copyright ©2013 Ruben Verborgh – MIT Licensed

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