Library for building Atlassian Add-ons on top of Express

npm install atlassian-connect-express
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atlassian-connect-express: Node.js package for Express based Atlassian Add-ons

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atlassian-connect-express is a toolkit for creating Atlassian Connect based Add-ons with Node.js. Atlassian Connect is a distributed component model for creating Atlassian add-ons. Add-ons built with Atlassian Connect extend Atlassian applications over standard web protocols and APIs.

More about atlassian-connect-express

The atlassian-connect-express package helps you get started developing add-ons quickly, using Node.js and Express as the add-on server.

It's important to understand that Express by itself is a web app framework for Node. atlassian-connect-express just provides a library of middleware and convenience helpers that make it easier to build Atlassian add-ons. Specifically, atlassian-connect-express adds:

  • An optimized dev loop by handling registration and deregistration on the target Atlassian application for you at startup and shutdown
  • A filesystem watcher that detects changes to atlassian-connect.json. When changes are detected, the add-on is re-registered with the host(s)
  • Automatic JWT authentication of inbound requests as well as JWT signing for outbound requests back to the host
  • Automatic persistence of host details (i.e., client key, host public key, host base url, etc.)
  • Localtunnel'd server for testing with OnDemand instances

Getting Started

The fastest way to get started is to install the atlas-connect CLI tool. The CLI makes it possible to generate a atlassian-connect-express enabled add-on scaffold very quickly. To install:

npm i -g atlas-connect

Create a project

Let's start by creating an add-on project:

atlas-connect new <project_name>

This creates a new project home directory with the following contents:

├── Procfile
├── app.js
├── atlassian-connect.json
├── config.json
├── package.json
├── private-key.pem
├── public
│   ├── css
│   │   └── addon.css
│   └── js
│       └── addon.js
├── public-key.pem
├── routes
│   └── index.js
└── views
    ├── hello-world.hbs
    └── layout.hbs

Install dependencies

Change to the new project directory and install dependencies:

npm install

atlassian-connect-express requires Node.js v0.10.12 or greater to run.

Setting up a development environment

At this point, you're all set to run your add-on, but you still need the target application (i.e., JIRA or Confluence) for your add-on. You have a few options:

  1. You can do all your development work locally using the Atlassian SDK. You can start a local instance of JIRA or Confluence by reading the guide to developing locally.
  2. Install the add-on in an Atlassian OnDemand instance. for more information.

Running your Add-on Server

If you've chosen the first option and have a local running instance of JIRA or Confluence, you're all set. Now all you need to do to run your add-on inside your local JIRA or Confluence instance is:

node app.js

This will boot up your Express server on the default port of 3000 and do the following:

  • Register your add-on's atlassian-connect.json (at http://localhost:3000/atlassian-connect.json) with the host
  • Start watching for changes to your atlassian-connect.json. If the file is modified, atlassian-connect-express will re-register your add-on with the host.

The created project already contains a sample atlassian-connect.json file which adds a "Hello World" general page to your local running JIRA or Confluence instance. To ensure that everything is working as expected, navigate to your local running instance and check that a "Hello World" link is present in the application's header and displays a "Hello World" page when clicked.

The Dev Loop

At this point, you can start building your add-on. Changes to views load automatically, however, if you make changes to any JavaScript, you need to restart Express. If you want your server to automatically restart when your JavaScript changes, consider using nodemon or the like.

As you've noticed, atlassian-connect-express automatically registers your add-on with the target application when it's started. Another nice feature is that it automatically de-registers it at shutdown <ctrl-c>.


The configuration for your add-on is done in two files:

  • ./config.json -- This file contains the configuration for each runtime environment your plugin runs in. The file has comments to help you understand available settings.
  • ./atlassian-connect.json -- This file is a manifest of all the extension points your add-on uses. To see all of the available extension point options, check out the modules sections of the atlassian-connect documentation.


The ./config.json file contains all of the settings for the add-on server. This file is broken into environments.

  // set to true if your app contains a errorHandler middleware
  // see
  "expressErrorHandling" : false
  // This is the default environment. To change your app to use
  // a different env, set NODE_ENV (
  "development": {

    // This is the port your Express server will listen on
    "port": 3000,

    // atlassian-connect-express currently integrates with JugglingDB for persistence
    // to store the host client information (i.e., client key, host public
    // key, etc). When no adapter is specified, it defaults to JugglingDB's
    // fallback memory storage.
    // To specify a backend for JugglingDB other than "memory", set the
    // "type" value to one of Juggling's other supported types.  See
    // for more information.
    // To use your own storage adapter, add the key
    // "adapter" to the following configuration, and replace "type" and
    // "connection" with any values your adapter expects.  Then make sure
    // that you register your adapter factory with the following code in
    // app.js:
    //, factoryFn)
    // See atlassian-connect-express/lib/store/index.js and the default jugglingdb.js
    // files for code demonstrating how to write a conformant adapter.  The
    // default values are as follows:
    //   "store": {
    //     "adapter": "jugglingdb",
    //     "type": "memory"
    //   },
    // To instead configure, say, a PostgreSQL store, the following could be
    // used:
    //   "store": {
    //     "adapter": "jugglingdb",
    //     "type": "postgres",
    //     "url": "postgres://localhost/my_addon_database"
    //   },
    // You will also need an appropriate JugglingDB driver if you choose something
    // other than the default "type".  In the PostgreSQL case you'd need to
    // run the following command to add the proper support:
    //   $ npm install -S jugglingdb-postgres

    // If you are running provided container like Heroku you should add the
    // appropriate dependency to your package.json  file:
    //  "dependencies": {
    //    "jugglingdb-postgres": "0.0.4"
    //  }
    // Your add-on will be registered with the following hosts upon startup.
    // In order to take advantage of the automatic registration/deregistration,
    // you need to make sure that your express app calls `addon.register()`
    // (see app.js). Also, you don't need to specify the user/pwd in the URL
    // as in the examples below. If you don't provide a user/pwd, you will be
    // prompted the first time you start the server.
    "hosts": [

  // This is the production add-on configuration, which is enabled by setting
  // the NODE_ENV=production environment variable.
  "production": {
    // On a PaaS host like Heroku, the runtime environment will provide the
    // HTTP port to you via the PORT environement variable, so we configure
    // that to be honored here.
    "port": "$PORT",
    // This is the public URL to your production add-on.
    "localBaseUrl": "",
    "store": {
      // You won't want to use the memory store in production, or your install
      // registrations will be forgotten any time your app restarts.  Here
      // we tell atlassian-connect-express to use the PostgreSQL backend for the default
      // JugglingDB adapter.
      "type": "postgres",
      // Again, a PaaS host like Heroku will probably provide the db connection
      // URL to you through the environment, so we tell atlassian-connect-express to use that value.
      "url": "$DATABASE_URL"

    // Make sure that your add-on can only be registered by the hosts on
    // these domains.
    "whitelist": [


The atlassian-connect.json describes what your add-on will do. There are three main parts to the descriptor: meta information that describes your add-on (i.e., name, description, key, etc.), permissions and authentication information, and a list of the components your add-on will extend. This descriptor is sent to the host (i.e., JIRA or Confluence) when your add-on is installed.

To see all of the available settings in the atlassian-connect.json, visit the module sections of the atlassian-connect documentation

Sample Add-ons using atlassian-connect-express

The atlassian-connect-express scaffold

When you generate a new atlassian-connect-express add-on, you're actually just downloading a copy of the Atlassian Connect Expressjs template.

Handlebars layouts and templates

The base scaffold uses the Handlebars template library via the express-hbs package.

Handlebars views are stored in the ./views directory. The base template contains a layout.hbs and a sample page (hello-world.hbs). Handlebars alone doesn't provide layouts, but the express-hbs package does. To apply the layout.hbs layout to your template page, just add the following to the top of your template:

{{!< layout}}

To learn more about how Handlebars works in express.js, take a look at the express-hbs documentation.

Special context variables

atlassian-connect-express injects a handful of useful context variables into your render context. You can access any of these within your templates:

  • title: the add-on's name (derived from atlassian-connect.json)
  • appKey: the application key defined in atlassian-connect.json
  • localBaseUrl: the base URI of the add-on
  • hostBaseUrl: the base URI of the target application (includes the context path if available)
  • hostStylesheetUrl: the URL to the base CSS file for Connect add-ons. This stylesheet is a bare minimum set of styles to help you get started. It's not a full AUI stylesheet.
  • hostScriptUrl: the URL to the Connect JS client. This JS file contains the code that will establish the seamless iframe bridge between the add-on and its parent. It also contains a handful of methods and objects for accessing data through the parent (look for the AP JS object).
  • token: the token that can be used to authenticate calls from the iframe back to the add-on service.

You can access any of the variables above as normal Handlebars variables. For example, to generate a link in your page that links elsewhere in the host:

<a href="{{hostBaseUrl}}/browse/JRA">JIRA</a>


How to secure a route with JWT

Add-ons are authenticated through JWT. To simplify JWT verification on your routes, you can simply add a atlassian-connect-express middleware to your route:

module.exports = function (app, addon) {

        // Protect this resource with JWT

        function(req, res) {

Simply adding the addon.authenticate() middleware will protect your resource.

How to send a signed HTTP request from the iframe back to the add-on service

The initial call to load the iframe content is secured by JWT, as described above. However, the loaded content cannot sign subsequent requests. A typical example is content that makes AJAX calls back to the add-on. Cookie sessions cannot be used, as many browsers block third-party cookies by default. atlassian-connect-express provides middleware that works without cookies and helps making secure requests from the iframe.

A route can be secured by adding the checkValidToken middleware:

module.exports = function (app, addon) {

        // Require a valid token to access this resource

        function(req, res) {

In order to secure your route, the token must be part of the HTTP request back to the add-on service. This can be done by using a query parameter:

<a href="/protected-resource?acpt={{token}}">See more</a>

The second option is to use an HTTP header, e.g. for AJAX requests:

beforeSend: function (request) {
    request.setRequestHeader("X-acpt", {{token}});

You can embed the token anywhere in your iframe content using the token content variable. For example, you can embed it in a meta tag, from where it can later be read by a script:

<meta name="acpt" content="{{token}}">

Both the query parameter acpt and the HTTP request header X-acpt are automatically recognized and handled by atlassian-connect-express when a route is secured with the token middleware. The token remains valid for 15 minutes by default, and is automatically refreshed on each call. The expiration of the token can be configured using maxTokenAge (in seconds).

How to send a signed outbound HTTP request back to the host

atlassian-connect-express bundles and extends the request HTTP client. To make a JWT signed request back to the host, all you have to do is use request the way it was designed, but use a relative path as your URL back to the host's REST APIs. If request finds that you're using a relative URL, it will get signed. If you use an absolute URL, it bypasses signing.

var httpClient = addon.httpClient(req);
httpClient.get('/', function(err, res, body){

If not in a request context, you can perform the equivalent operation as follows:

var httpClient = addon.httpClient({
  clientKey: clientKey, // the unique client key of the tenant to make a request to
  userId: userId,
  appKey: appKey
httpClient.get('/', function(err, res, body){

You can also set custom headers or send a form data. Take, for example this request which attaches a file to a JIRA issue {
    url: '/rest/api/2/issue/' + issueKey + '/attachments',
    headers: {
        'X-Atlassian-Token': 'nocheck'
    form: {
        file: [
                filename: filename,
                contentType: 'text/plain'

Using the product REST API

Certain REST URLs may require additional scopes that should be added to your atlassian-connect.json file.

How to deploy to Heroku

Before you start, install Git and the Heroku Toolbelt.

If you aren't using git to track your add-on, now is a good time to do so as it is required for Heroku. Ensure you are in your project home directory and run the following commands:

git config --global "John Doe"
git config --global
ssh-keygen -t rsa
git init
git add .
git commit . -m "some message"
heroku keys:add

Next, create the app on Heroku:

heroku apps:create <add-on-name>

Then set the public and private key as environment variables in Heroku (you don't ever want to commit these *.pem files into your scm). The two .*pem files were created in your project home directory when you ran the atlas-connect new command.

heroku config:set AC_PUBLIC_KEY="`cat public-key.pem`" --app <add-on-name>
heroku config:set AC_PRIVATE_KEY="`cat private-key.pem`" --app <add-on-name>

We recommend that you don't use the automatically generated key pair in production. You can use any RSA key pair generation tool such as JSEncrypt to generate a production key pair.

Next, let's store our registration information in a Postgres database. In development, you were likely using the memory store. In production, you'll want to use a real database.

heroku addons:add heroku-postgresql:dev --app <add-on-name>

Lastly, let's add the project files to Heroku and deploy!

If you aren't already there, switch to your project home directory. From there, run these commands:

git remote add heroku<add-on-name>.git
git push heroku master

It will take a minute or two for Heroku to spin up your add-on. When it's done, you'll be given the URL where your add-on is deployed, however, you'll still need to register it on your Atlassian instance.

If you're running an OnDemand instance of JIRA or Confluence locally, you can install it from the add-on administration console. See complete getting started guide for more information.

In order to run your add-on on remote JIRA and Confluence instances, you must enter production mode. To achieve this, set the NODE_ENV variable to production like so:

heroku config:set NODE_ENV=production

For further detail, we recommend reading Getting Started with Node.js on Heroku.

Before installing remotely on your product instance, create a marketplace listing for your add-on, generate an access token, and install it - as described here.


"Unable to connect and retrieve descriptor from http://localhost:3000/atlassian-connect.json, message is: Connection refused"

You'll get this error if JIRA or Confluence can't access http://localhost:3000/atlassian-connect.json. One way to debug this is to see what hostname returns:

$ hostname

If it returns localhost, change it. On a OS X, you'll need to set a proper "Computer Name" in System Preferences > Sharing.

Debugging HTTP Traffic

Several tools exist to help snoop the HTTP traffic between your add-on and the host server:

  • Enable node-request's HTTP logging by starting your app with NODE_DEBUG=request node app
  • Check out the HTTP-debugging proxies Charles and Fiddler
  • Try local TCP sniffing with justniffer by running something like justniffer -i eth0 -r, substituting the correct interface value

Getting Help or Support

You can get help by emailing or report bugs on our JIRA. If you want to learn more about Atlassian Connect, you can visit


Even though this is just an exploratory project at this point, it's also open source Apache 2.0. So, please feel free to fork and send us pull requests.

Unit tests in atlassian-connect-express

Run mocha test.

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