backbone-diorama

A client-side web application framework designed for rapid development, using opinionated backbone pattern generators

npm install backbone-diorama
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BackboneDiorama

BackboneDiorama is everything you need to build client-side web applications. Optimised for developer happiness, it builds on the components of Backbone.js and aims to be the easiest and the fastest way to build for the browser.

Features

  • diorama new projectName builds you a new project with:
    • Logical project structure for Backbone components
    • Coffeescript concatenation and compilation setup
    • Backbone.js+deps and Handlebars templating included and ready for use
  • diorama generate <lots-of-stuff> - Rails-style code generators which provide convention and structure to your projects, assist you with proven patterns and allow you to rapidly prototype. Run diorama generate for the full list.
  • Additional lightweight libraries to plug the gaps in Backbone.js:
  • New to Backbone.js? The built in conventions and patterns mean there's no easier way to get started.
  • Written entirely in and for Coffeescript, for clarity and elegance of code.

We've been using BackboneDiorama to build applications for a little while now, but this is just the first public release. There's lots more planned (AMD support, testing defaults, minification, coffeescript source maps and more generators...) and if you've got any feedback or suggestions, we'd love to hear from you!

Installation

Install Backbone Diorama (and its handlebars dependency) as an NPM package:

npm install -g handlebars backbone-diorama

Usage

To view the available commands, run:

diorama help

Running most commands without arguments will give you the usage.

Create a new project

diorama new <ProjectName>

This will create a new diorama project inside a directory of the same name. It creates an index.html file containing starting instructions.

Use the generators

Use generators to scaffold your code, for example:

diorama generate collection Tasks
diorama generate view TaskIndex

For a complete list of generators available, run:

diorama generate

Compiling the app

diorama compile watch

This command watches your src/ folder for changes then concatenates and compiles the files specified in src/compile_manifest.json to js/application.js. The files should be specified in the order you require them, in this format:

    [
      "collections/tasks_collection",
      "templates/task_index",
      "views/task_index_view"
    ]

When you run a generator, it will print the includes you need to add to this file.

To run the compile once (without watching for changes), omit the 'watch' argument:

diorama compile

Example apps

TodoMVC

TodoMVC-style app, built by @amulligan:

BrowserLoop

An attempt to create Ableton-like music remixing in the browser, built by @th3james:

Used diorama in a project you want to share? Let us know and we'll add it here.

Using BackboneDiorama with Rails and other server frameworks

BackboneDiorama is ready to drop straight into your server side framework. Simply run diorama new inside your javascripts folder (app/assets/javascripts in Rails), include the the compiled js/application.js in your app, then use Diorama as normal.

If you're using Rails or another framework with built in coffeescript compilation, just include the coffeescripts in your src/ directly. Your templates will still need to be compiled, which you can do by inserting only the handlebars templates into compile_manifest.json, then using diorama compile watch to compile them to js/application.js

Backbone.Diorama Libraries

BackboneDiorama comes with a few extra classes to compliment the backbone stack for building complete web applications:

Backbone.Diorama.ManagedRegion

Creates a DOM element designed for swapping views in and out of, with helper methods to manage unbinding events.

Read More

Backbone.Diorama.Controller

Diorama controllers are designed to coordinate views and data, and provide entry points to certain 'states' of your application. Routers in BackboneDiorama projects only handle URL reading and setting, but defer to controllers for the actual behavior.

Read More

Backbone.Diorama.NestingView

A common pattern for Backbone applications is to nest views inside each other. For example a collection index view where each model in the collection gets a sub view. The advantage of this approach is that each sub view can listen for and respond to events about a particular model, removing the need for the collection view to be re-rendered.

Backbone.Diorama.NestingView makes it easy to stack views like this.

Read More

Authors

BackboneDiorama was developed by myself (James Cox, @th3james) and Adam Mulligan (@amulligan)

License

BackboneDiorama is released under the MIT License

Development

BackboneDiorama is written in coffeescript and is packaged as an NPM module. To install the package locally, in the project directory run:

npm install -g

This will install the diorama command onto your system. On my node setup, this wasn't added to my PATH correctly, so check the output for a line like:

npm info linkStuff backbone-diorama@0.0.1
/usr/local/share/npm/bin/diorama -> /usr/local/share/npm/lib/node_modules/backbone-diorama/bin/diorama.coffee

Tests

Tests are written using mocha, and in the test/ folder (somewhat unsurprisingly). Run the diorama command tests with:

npm test

There are integrations tests for the Diorama libraries in test/libTests, open index.html in that folder to run them.

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