bittorrent-dht-byo

A middle-level library for interacting with the BitTorrent DHT network. Bring your own transport layer and peer logic.

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bittorrent-dht-byo

A middle-level library for interacting with the BitTorrent DHT network. Bring your own transport layer and peer logic.

Overview

This library implements all of the parsing, some of the logic, and none of the networking required to talk to the BitTorrent DHT network. It knows how to parse and serialise messages, keep track of nodes and their health, correlate queries and responses, and (currently quite badly) traverse the network to find peers for a specific info_hash.

API

DHT (constructor)

DHT(options);
var dht = new DHT({
  nodeId: Buffer("12345678901234567890"),
  nodes: [...],
});

Arguments

  • options - an object specifying options
    • nodeId - a 20-byte buffer; the node ID (optional)
    • nodes - an array of DHTNode-compatible objects - they will be turned into DHTNode objects if they're not already (optional)

DHT.countNodes

countNodes();

Use this to get the number of known nodes. Using this, you can decide whether or not to bootstrap from a public router or something.

var count = dht.countNodes();

if (count === 0) {
  dht.bootstrap(...);
}

DHT.bootstrap

bootstrap(node, options, cb);

Use bootstrap to get your DHT primed and ready for use if you don't know of any nodes yet. You need to point it at a known-good DHT node. There are a few floating around that aren't too hard to find.

var node = new DHT.Node({
  host: "public.dht.router",
  port: 12345,
});

var nodeId = Buffer("01234567890123456789");

dht.bootstrap(node, {nodeId: nodeId}, function(err) {
  if (err) {
    // there was an error bootstrapping, things probably won't work well
  } else {
    // you should be good to go!
  }
});

Arguments

  • node - a known-good DHTNode
  • options - an object specifying options
    • nodeId - the initial node ID to use as a "dummy" search
  • cb - a function that's called on completion or failure

DHT.getPeers

getPeers(infoHash, options, cb);

Use getPeers to get a list of peers for a given info_hash.

var hash = Buffer("597a92f6eeed29e6028b70b416c847e51ba76c38", "hex"),
    options = {retries: 3};

dht.getPeers(hash, options, function gotPeers(err, peers) {
  console.log(err, peers);
});

Arguments

  • hash - a buffer specifying the info_hash to get peers for
  • options - an object specifying options
    • retries - how many times to retry the search operation if no peers are found (optional, default 1)
  • cb - a function that will be called upon completion or failure

DHT.on("outgoing")

on("outgoing", function(message, node) { ... });

This event tells you when the DHT is trying to send a message to a remote node.

dht.on("outgoing", function(message, node) {
  socket.send(message, 0, message.length, node.port, node.host, function(err) { ... });
});

Parameters

  • message - a buffer containing the serialised message
  • node - a DHTNode object; the intended recipient of the message

DHT.on("query")

on("query", function(query) { ... });

This event is fired when a query is received and parsed correctly.

dht.on("query", function(query) {
  console.log(query.method.toString());
});

Parameters

  • query - an object representing the query
    • method - a buffer; the query method
    • id - a buffer; the ID of the query
    • node - a DHTNode object; the sender of the query
    • parameters - an object; named parameters for the query

DHT.on("unassociatedResponse")

on("unassociatedResponse", function(response) { ... });

This event fires when a response is received that doesn't correlate with a known query of ours. This can happen if a response is sent after a timeout has already fired, for example, or if a remote node is just confused or broken.

dht.on("unassociatedResponse", function(response) {
  console.log(response.id);
});

Parameters

  • response - an object representing the response
    • id - a buffer; the ID of the response
    • parameters - an object; named parameters of the response
    • from - an object; the sender of the response (not a DHTNode object!)

DHT.on("unassociatedError")

on("unassociatedError", function(error) { ... });

This is the same as the unassociatedResponse event, in that it fires when an error is received under similar conditions.

dht.on("unassociatedError", function(error) {
  console.log(error.id);
});

Parameters

  • response - an object representing the response
    • id - a buffer; the ID of the response
    • error - a DHTError object; the error content
    • from - an object; the sender of the response (not a DHTNode object!)

DHTNode (constructor)

new DHT.Node(options);

This object represents a node that the DHT client knows about. It emits some events when important things change.

var node = new DHT.Node({
  nodeId: Buffer(...),
  host: "1.2.3.4",
  port: 12345,
  firstSeen: 1234567890,
  lastQuery: 1234567890,
  lastResponse: 1234567890,
  token: Buffer(...),
});

Arguments

  • options - an object specifying options
    • nodeId - a buffer; the node's ID (optional, recommended)
    • host - a string; the ip of the node
    • port - a number; the port of the node
    • firstSeen - a unix timestamp; first seen time (optional)
    • lastQuery - a unix timestamp; last received query time (optional)
    • lastResponse - a unix timestamp; last received response time (optional)
    • token - a buffer; the write token for the node (optional)

DHTNode.toJSON

toJSON();

Does what it sounds like. Turns the node into an object that's nicely serialisable.

var serialised = JSON.stringify(node);

Returns: object

DHTNode.toPeerInfo

toPeerInfo();

Get the "compact peer info" representation of the node.

var peerInfo = node.toPeerInfo();

Returns: buffer

DHTNode.toNodeInfo

toNodeInfo();

Get the "compact node info" representation of the node.

var nodeInfo = node.toNodeInfo();

Returns: buffer

DHTNode.setToken

setToken(token);

Set the write token for the node. Causes the node to emit a token event.

setToken(Buffer("asdfqwer"));

Arguments

  • token - a buffer; the write token

DHTNode.setStatus

setStatus(status);

Set the status of the node. Causes the node to emit a status event if it changes.

node.setStatus("good");

Arguments

  • status - a string; the status

DHTNode.setLastQuery

setLastQuery(time);

Set the last query time of the node. May cause the node to change its status.

node.setLastQuery(1234567890);

Arguments

  • time - a number; the last query time

DHTNode.setLastResponse

setLastResponse(time);

Set the last response time of the node. May cause the node to change its status.

node.setLastResponse(1234567890);

Arguments

  • time - a number; the last response time

DHTNode.incrementFailures

incrementFailures();

Increment the failure count of the node. May cause the node to change its status.

node.incrementFailures();

DHTNode.resetFailures

resetFailures();

Reset the failure count of the node to 0.

node.resetFailures();

License

3-clause BSD. A copy is included with the source.

Contact

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