cache-manager

Cache module for Node.js

npm install cache-manager
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node-cache-manager

Flexible NodeJS cache module

A cache module for nodejs that allows easy wrapping of functions in cache, tiered caches, and a consistent interface.

Features

  • Easy way to wrap any function in cache.
  • Tiered caches -- data gets stored in each cache and fetched from the highest priority cache(s) first.
  • Use any cache you want, as long as it has the same API.
  • 100% test coverage via mocha, istanbul, and sinon.

Installation

npm install cache-manager

Overview

First, it includes a wrap function that lets you wrap any function in cache. (Note, this was inspired by node-caching.) This is probably the feature you're looking for. As an example, where you might have to do this:

function get_cached_user(id, cb) {
    memory_cache.get(id, function (err, result) {
        if (err) { return cb(err); }

        if (result) {
            return cb(null, result);
        }

        get_user(id, function (err, result) {
            if (err) { return cb(err); }
            memory_cache.set(id, result);
            cb(null, result);
        });
    });
}

... you can instead use the wrap function:

function get_cached_user(id, cb) {
    memory_cache.wrap(id, function (cache_callback) {
        get_user(id, cache_callback);
    }, cb);
}

Second, node-cache-manager features a built-in memory cache (using node-lru-cache), with the standard functions you'd expect in most caches:

set(key, val, cb)
get(key, cb)
del(key, cb)

Third, node-cache-manager lets you set up a tiered cache strategy. This may be of limited use in most cases, but imagine a scenario where you expect tons of traffic, and don't want to hit your primary cache (like Redis) for every request. You decide to store the most commonly-requested data in an in-memory cache, perhaps with a very short timeout and/or a small data size limit. But you still want to store the data in Redis for backup, and for the requests that aren't as common as the ones you want to store in memory. This is something node-cache-manager handles easily and transparently.

Usage Examples

See examples below and in the examples directory. See examples/redis_example for an example of how to implement a Redis cache store with connection pooling.

Single Store

var cache_manager = require('cache-manager');
var memory_cache = cache_manager.caching({store: 'memory', max: 100, ttl: 10/*seconds*/});

// Note: callback is optional in set() and del().

memory_cache.set('foo', 'bar', function(err) {
    if (err) { throw err; }

    memory_cache.get('foo', function(err, result) {
        console.log(result);
        // >> 'bar'
        memory_cache.del('foo', function(err) {});
    });
});

function get_user(id, cb) {
    setTimeout(function () {
        console.log("Returning user from slow database.");
        cb(null, {id: id, name: 'Bob'});
    }, 100);
}

var user_id = 123;
var key = 'user_' + user_id; 

memory_cache.wrap(key, function (cb) {
    get_user(user_id, cb);
}, function (err, user) {
    console.log(user);

    // Second time fetches user from memory_cache
    memory_cache.wrap(key, function (cb) {
        get_user(user_id, cb);
    }, function (err, user) {
        console.log(user);
    });
});

// Outputs:
// Returning user from slow database.
// { id: 123, name: 'Bob' }
// { id: 123, name: 'Bob' }

Here's a very basic example of how you could use this in an Express app:

function respond(res, err, data) {
    if (err) { 
        res.json(500, err);
    } else {
        res.json(200, data);
    }
}

app.get('/foo/bar', function(req, res) {
    var cache_key = 'foo-bar:' + JSON.stringify(req.query);
    memory_cache.wrap(cache_key, function(cache_cb) {
        DB.find(req.query, cache_cb);
    }, function(err, result) {
        respond(res, err, result);
    });
});

Custom Stores

You can use your own custom store by creating one with the same API as the build-in memory stores (such as a redis or memcached store). To use your own store, you can either pass in an instance of it, or pass in the path to the module.

E.g.,

var my_store = require('your-homemade-store');
var cache = cache_manager.caching({store: my_store});
// or
var cache = cache_manager.caching({store: '/path/to/your/store'});

Multi-Store

var multi_cache = cache_manager.multi_caching([memory_cache, some_other_cache]);
user_id2 = 456;
key2 = 'user_' + user_id; 

// Sets in all caches.
multi_cache.set('foo2', 'bar2', function(err) {
    if (err) { throw err; }

    // Fetches from highest priority cache that has the key.
    multi_cache.get('foo2', function(err, result) {
        console.log(result);
        // >> 'bar2'

        // Delete from all caches
        multi_cache.del('foo2');
    });
});

multi_cache.wrap(key2, function (cb) {
    get_user(user_id2, cb);
}, function (err, user) {
    console.log(user);

    // Second time fetches user from memory_cache, since it's highest priority.
    // If the data expires in the memory cache, the next fetch would pull it from
    // the 'some_other_cache', and set the data in memory again.
    multi_cache.wrap(key2, function (cb) {
        get_user(user_id2, cb);
    }, function (err, user) {
        console.log(user);
    });
});

Tests

To run tests, first run:

npm install -d

Run the tests and JShint:

make

Contribute

If you would like to contribute to the project, please fork it and send us a pull request. Please add tests for any new features or bug fixes. Also run make before submitting the pull request.

License

node-cache-manager is licensed under the MIT license.

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