coquette

A micro framework for JavaScript games.

npm install coquette
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Coquette

A micro framework for JavaScript games.

Handles collision detection, the game update loop, canvas rendering, and keyboard and mouse input.

http://coquette.maryrosecook.com

Get the code

Example

A game where you, the valiant player, must find a person of indeterminate gender in distress so you can take them away from all this. The code below appears in /demos/simple/. Open /demos/simple/index.html to play.

An HTML page that includes a canvas element, the Coquette library and the game code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="../../coquette.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="game.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body><canvas id="canvas"></canvas></body>
</html>

The game code:

var Game = function() {
  this.c = new Coquette(this, "canvas", 500, 150, "#000");

  // paramour
  this.c.entities.create(Person, { center: { x:250, y:40 }, color:"#099" });

  // player
  this.c.entities.create(Person, { center: { x:256, y:110 }, color:"#f07",
    update: function() {
      if (this.c.inputter.isDown(this.c.inputter.UP_ARROW)) {
        this.center.y -= 0.4;
      }
    },

    collision: function(other) {
      other.center.y = this.center.y; // follow the player
    }
  });
};

var Person = function(game, settings) {
  this.c = game.c;
  for (var i in settings) {
    this[i] = settings[i];
  }

  this.size = { x:9, y:9 };
  this.draw = function(ctx) {
    ctx.fillStyle = settings.color;
    ctx.fillRect(this.center.x - this.size.x / 2,
                 this.center.y - this.size.y / 2,
                 this.size.x,
                 this.size.y);
  };
};

window.addEventListener('load', function() {
  new Game();
});

Demos

Four demos are included in this repository:

  • /demos/spinning-shapes - an example of collisions between rotated entities.
  • /demos/box2d-physics - a game that uses the Box2D physics engine.
  • /demos/leftrightspace - a complete game.
  • /demos/simple - the example at the top of this readme.

Reference

Instantiate Coquette

Pass in:

  • Your main game object.
  • The ID of the canvas element, e.g. "canvas".
  • The desired width of the canvas element.
  • The desired height of the canvas element.
  • The background colour of your game, e.g. "#000".
var YourGame = function() {
  this.c = new Coquette(this, "canvas", 150, 150, "#000");
};

Modules

When you instantiate Coquette, you get an object that has some modules. You can use these modules in your game.

Entities

Keeps track of all the entities in the game: the player, enemies, obstacles.

Define an entity

Most entities will have these attributes:

  • center: The center of the entity, e.g. { x: 10, y: 20 }
  • size: The size of the entity, e.g. { x: 50, y: 30 }
  • angle: The orientation of the entity in degrees, e.g. 30

And these methods:

  • update(timeSinceLastTick): Called every tick. You should change the state of the entity in this method.
  • draw(canvasCtx): Called every tick. You should draw the entity upright in this method. The drawing will automatically get rotated to the orientation indicated by angle.

For example:

var Block = function(game, settings) {
  this.game = game;
  this.center = settings.center;
  this.size = settings.size;
  this.angle = 30;
};

Block.prototype = {
  update: function(timeSinceLastTick) {
    this.center.x += 0.02 * timeSinceLastTick;
    this.center.y += 0.02 * timeSinceLastTick;
  },

  draw: function(canvasCtx) {
    ctx.fillStyle = "black";
    ctx.fillRect(this.center.x - this.size.x / 2,
                 this.center.y - this.size.y / 2,
                 this.size.x,
                 this.size.y);
  }
};

See the Collider section for instructions on enabling collision detection.

Create an entity

Call c.entities.create() with:

  • The constructor function of the entity you want to create, e.g. Block. When this constructor is called, it will get passed the main game object and a settings object.
  • An optional settings object, e.g. { center: { x: 5, y: 10 }, size: { x: 10, y: 30 } }.

Returns the created entity.

var Block = function(game, settings) {
  this.game = game;
  this.center = settings.center;
  this.size = settings.size;
  this.angle = 0;
};

var myBlock = c.entities.create(Block, {
  center: { x: 5, y: 10 },
  size: { x: 10, y: 30 }
});
Destroy an entity

Call c.entities.destroy() with:

  • The entity you want to destroy, e.g. myBlock.
c.entities.destroy(myBlock);
Get all the entities in the game
var all = c.entities.all();
Get all the entities of a certain type
var player = c.entities.all(Player)[0];

Inputter

Handles keyboard and mouse input from the player.

Find out if a certain key or mouse button is down
var leftArrowDown = c.inputter.isDown(c.inputter.LEFT_ARROW);
var rightMouseDown = c.inputter.isDown(c.inputter.RIGHT_MOUSE);
Find out if a certain key or mouse button is pressed
var leftArrowPressed = c.inputter.isPressed(c.inputter.LEFT_ARROW);
var rightMousePressed = c.inputter.isPressed(c.inputter.RIGHT_MOUSE);

This is true for one tick when the key goes down. Subsequently, it is false until the key is released and pressed down again.

Run a function every time the mouse is moved
c.inputter.bindMouseMove(function(position) {
  console.log("The mouse is at", position.x, position.y);
});

position is relative to the game canvas. If the mouse pointer is in the top left corner, position will be { x: 0, y: 0 }.

Get the current mouse position
var position = c.inputter.getMousePosition();

position is relative to the game canvas. If the mouse pointer is in the top left corner, position will be { x: 0, y: 0 }.

Renderer

Holds the canvas drawing context. Calls draw() on the main game object and all the game entities.

Draw an entity

See the Define an Entity sub-section of the Entities section.

Get the canvas drawing context
  var ctx = c.renderer.getCtx();
  ctx.fillStyle = "#f00";
  ctx.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10);
Set the order that entities are drawn

When you create your entities, set an integer zindex attribute on them. An entity with a higher zindex will get drawn on top of an entity with a lower zindex. The default zindex is 0.

  var BackgroundTile = function() {
    this.zindex = -1;
  };

  var Player = function() {
    this.zindex = 0;
  };

  c.entities.create(BackgroundTile, {});
  c.entities.create(Player, {}); // drawn on top
Move the view

You can use c.renderer.setViewCenter() to move the view around the world. For example, to make the view follow a specific object, you could call setViewCenter(specificObj.center) in the update() function of your game:

  var Game = function() {
    var c = new Coquette(this, "canvas", 500, 500, "#000");
    var specialObject = c.entities.create(SpecialObject, {});

    this.update = function() {
      c.renderer.setViewCenter(specialObject.center);
    };
  };

Collider

Reports when entities collide.

Entity setup

To make an entity support collisions, put these attributes on it:

  • center: The center of the entity, e.g. { x: 10, y: 20 }.
  • size: The size of the entity, e.g. { x: 50, y: 30 }.
  • boundingBox: The shape that best approximates the shape of the entity, either c.collider.RECTANGLE or c.collider.CIRCLE.
  • angle: The orientation of the entity in degrees, e.g. 30.

And, optionally, these methods:

  • collision(other, type): Called when the entity collides with another entity. Takes other, the other entity involved in the collision. Takes type, which will be c.collider.INITIAL if the entities were not colliding in the previous tick, or c.collider.SUSTAINED if the entities were colliding in the previous tick.
  • uncollision(other): Called when the entity stops colliding with another entity. Takes other, the other entity involved in the collision.

For example:

var Player = function() {
  this.center = { x: 10, y: 20 };
  this.size = { x: 50, y: 50 };
  this.boundingBox = c.collider.CIRCLE;
  this.angle = 0;
};

Player.prototype = {
  collision: function(other, type) {
    if (type === c.collider.INITIAL) {
      console.log("Ow,", other, "hit me.");
    } else if (type === c.collider.SUSTAINED) {
      console.log("Ow,", other, "is still hitting me.");
    }
  },

  uncollision: function(other) {
    console.log("Phew,", other, "has stopped hitting me.");
  }
};

Run the tests

Install Node.js and npm: https://github.com/isaacs/npm

Install the node dependencies and run the tests with:

$ cd path/to/coquette
$ npm install --dev
$ npm test
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