cut

Aspect-oriented (AOP) helper for sync or async code

npm install cut
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cut

Aspect-oriented (AOP) helper for sync or async code

installation

$ npm install cut

about

Wrap a function to extend its behavior before and/or after it is called (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspect-oriented_programming)

This is useful, for example, to add logging, tracking, to modify its output, or for other orthogonal concerns to maintain Single Responsibility.

cut is named after the term pointcut. Think of this as a way to cut into a location in your program and modify behavior - in this case, around a function.

By building up chains of functionality around a function, you can more easily re-use code for validation, policy, logging, etc - and reconfigure it at runtime.

usage

var cut = require('cut')

let's start with a basic identify function, which will return it's argument:

var targetFn = function (val) { return val }

targetFn(true)
// => true

var fn = cut(targetFn)

now, we can add functionality before or after the targetFn's callsite cut returns a function with two additional properties: a before array and an after array

let's add some behavior to run before targetFn

fn.before.push(function(args, next) {
  console.log('We\'re calling targetFn with these arguments:', args)
  next(args)
})

now when we call fn, it will log first before calling targetFn

fn(true)
// We're calling targetFn with these arguments: [true]
// => true

let's add another piece of advice to modify the arguments:

var invert = function (args, next) { args[0] = !args[0]; next(args) }

since before advice is called in array index order, we unshift to prepend to the before array

fn.before.unshift(invert)

fn(true)
// We're calling targetFn with these arguments: [false]
// => false

now let's modify the return value:

var stringify = function (obj) { return obj.toString() }
var shout = function (str) { return str.toUpperCase() }

fn.after.push(stringify, shout)

fn(true)
// We're calling targetFn with these arguments: [false]
// => "FALSE"

finally, we want to add a guard so targetFn is only called with boolean arguments

fn.before.unshift(function (args, next) {
  if (typeof args[0] !== 'boolean') return;
  next(args);
})

fn('true')
// undefined

since 'true' is a string, the advice never called next and the call chain was aborted before calling targetFn or any of the subsequent advice

fn(true)
// We're calling targetFn with these arguments: [false]
// => "FALSE"

As you can see, cut gives you a powerful and easy way to compose, modify, and re-use behaviors to modify and control your programs.

api

the functions and behaviors use with cut are called advice.

before advice

function(args, next) : void

Each before advice is called in serial, with each advice passing the original or modified arguments to the next callback. When all before advice has been run, the target function is invoked with the arguments passed by the last advice.

Before advice can intercept the target function from being called (for example, in advice implementing authorization policy) by simply not calling next

Note, args is a proper Array, rather than an arguments object.

Since next is a callback, before advice can be implemented synchronously or async.

after advice

function(val, args) : val

If the target function is called and returns normally, the after advice is called in serial. val is the return value of the previous advice or the target function, and args is an Array of the arguments that the target function was called with. The return value of the after advice is passed to the next after advice or used as the overall return value, in turn.

If you wish to use after advice asynchronously, promises must be used as of this version.

sealed

cut(fn).sealed

When cut is called, the resulting function has its before and after arrays exposed. If you want to pass a function somewhere else in your program without allowing modification of the advice, sealed is a function which applies the advice without exposing those properties.

contributors

jden jason@denizac.org @leJDen

Please submit pull requests and issues through github.

license

MIT (c) 2013 Agile Diagnosis, Inc. see LICENSE.md

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