A utility for exporting data from one Elasticsearch cluster to another

npm install elasticsearch-exporter
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A small script to export data from one Elasticsearch cluster into another.


  • Node.js based command line tool
  • Export to ElasticSearch or (compressed) flat files
  • Recreates mapping on target
  • Source data can be filtered by query
  • Specify scope as type, index or whole cluster
  • Sync Index settings along with existing mappings
  • Run in test mode without modifying any data


From one database to another database

// copy all indices from machine a to b
node exporter.js -a localhost -b foreignhost

// copy entire index1 to index2 on same machine
node exporter.js -i index1 -j index2

// copy type1 to type2 in same index
node exporter.js -i index -t type1 -u type2

// copy type1 from index1 to type2 in index2
node exporter.js -i index1 -t type1 -j index2 -u type2

// copy entire index1 from machine a to b
node exporter.js -a localhost -i index1 -b foreignhost

// copy index1 from machine1 to index2 on machine2
node exporter.js -a localhost -i index1 -b foreignhost -j index2

// only copy stuff from machine1 to machine2, that is in the query
node exporter.js -a localhost -b foreignhost -s '{"bool":{"must":{"term":{"field1":"value1"}}}}'

// Do not execute any operation on machine2, just see the amount of data that would be queried
node exporter.js -a localhost -b foreignhost -r true

From database to file or vice versa you can use the following commands. Note that data file are now compressed by default. To disable this feature use additional flags:

// Export to file from database
node exporter.js -a localhost -i index1 -t type1 -g filename

// Import from file to database
node exporter.js -f filename -b foreignhost -i index2 -t type2

// To override the compression for a given source file
node exporter.js -f filename -c false -b foreignhost -j index2 -u type2

// To override the compression for a target file
node exporter.js -a localhost -i index1 -t type1 -g filename -d false

The tool responds with a number of exit codes that might help determine what went wrong:

  • 0 Operation successful / No documents found to export
  • 1 invalid options
  • 2 source or target databse cluster health = red
  • 99 Uncaught Exception

If memory is an issue pass these parameters and the process will try to run garbage collection before reaching memory limitations

node --nouse-idle-notification --expose-gc exporter.js ...

Or make use of the script in the tools folder:

tools/ex.sh ...


To run this script you will need at least node v0.10, as well as the nomnom, colors and through package installed (which will be installed automatically via npm).


Run the following command in the directory where you want the tools installed

npm install elasticsearch-exporter --production

The required packages will be installed automatically as a dependency, you won't have to do anything else to use the tool. If you install the package with the global flag (npm -g) there will also be a new executable available in the system called "eexport".


To run the tests you must install the development dependencies along with the production dependencies

npm install elasticsearch-exporter

After that you can just run npm test to see an output of all existing tests.


I try to find all the bugs and and have tests to cover all cases, but since I'm working on this project alone, it's easy to miss something. So please report any bugs you can find to mallox@pyxzl.net or file a bug directly on Github. Thanks!



  • Support for ElasticSearch 1.0 (with autodetection of servers)
  • Deprecated the sourceCompression flag (it's useless since we're auto-detecting compression)
  • ElasticSearch driver now supports basic authentication
  • Mappings/Settings can now be overridden by using a file.
  • Options can now be read from file additionally to parsing program arguments
  • Added option to only index documents that don't exist yet (switch between create and index call)
  • Added support for aliases in exports


  • New File Layout (incompatible with exporter 1.1.x)
  • Index settings are now also exported, when exporting in scope all or index
  • On errors the connection will be retried for fetching and writing data
  • Colors dependencies is now included explicitly
  • Project is now available from npm repo
  • Data files are now compressed by default (compressed source files are auto detected)
  • Parent directories are now created for target file if they don't exist
  • Tweaked V8 options in tools/ex.sh for better memory usage
  • Added option to mute all standard output (errors will still be displayed)
  • Tests for all operations


  • ES driver can now fetch more hits per scroll request
  • File driver is now set up properly so that data is streamed much faster
  • Fixed attaching events to same file resource multiple times
  • Fixed file driver not reading entire files
  • Added percentage output to peak memory used
  • Fixed some typos in the log messages


  • Fixed bug where sockets would wait forever to be released (thanks @dplate)
  • Fixed bug where the last few documents were not written to target driver (thanks @jostsg)
  • Fixed bug where null was written to the target driver as first line
  • Increased number of sockets used in es driver, so that pumping data should now be faster in many cases.


  • Process will now observe available memory and wait for writes to go through before fetching more data (if gc is available).
  • Removed check for target files (which was non sense)


  • Fixed a bug that would prevent the script from terminating
  • Added a test driver to figure out where certain problems are
  • Pushed dependency on node from version 0.6 to 0.10 since we're using new stream implementation


  • Now supports importing/exporting into files
  • Refactored most code to be better maintainable
  • Removed some old dependencies


  • First working implementation for pumping data from on database to another (or the same)
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