es

API around the ElasticSearch RESTful API -- mostly convenience.

npm install es
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node-es

This is a Node.js module for the elasticsearch REST API.

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Install

npm install es

Usage

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  config = {
    _index : 'kittehs'
  },
  es = elasticsearch(config);

es.search({
    query : {
      field : {
        animal : 'kitteh'
      }
    }
  }, function (err, data) {
    // work with data here
    // response data is according to ElasticSearch spec
  });

API

Unless otherwise stated, all callback signatures are function (err, data), with data being the parsed JSON response from elasticsearch.

createClient

Calling elasticsearch.createClient(config) is the same as elasticsearch(config).

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch.createClient(config);
config._index

When initializing the library, you may choose to specify an index and/or type to work with at the start to save from having to supply this information in the options for each operation request:

var config = {
  _index : 'pet',
  _type : 'kitteh'
};

Additionally, if working with multiple indexes or types, you may specify them as arrays:

var config = {
  _indices : ['pet', 'family'],
  _types : ['kitteh', 'canine']
};

Note: When index, indices, type or types are supplied via operation options, those settings will take precedent over the base configuration for the library:


var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  config = {
    _index : 'kitteh'
  },
  es = elasticsearch.createClient(config);

es.indices.exist({ _index : 'canine' }, function (err, data) {
  // will result in a HEAD request to /canine instead of /kitteh
});
config.server

If omitted from configuration, the server settings default to the following:

var config = {
  // optional - when not supplied, defaults to the following:
  server : {
    host : 'localhost',
    port : 9200
  }
};

Anything specified within the server element of config is passed directly through to each HTTP/HTTPS request. You may configure additional options for connecting to Elasticsearch:

var config = {
  server : {
    agent : false,
    auth : 'user:pass',
    host : 'localhost',
    port : 9243,
    rejectUnauthorized : false,
    secure : true // toggles between https and http
  }
};

cluster support and failover

Elasticsearch is pretty much rad at clustering. If you want to specify multiple servers to failover to, you may do so by either supplying an array as the value for the property hosts or hostnames:

var elasticsearch = require('es');
var config = {
  _index : 'bawss',
  server : {
    hostnames : ['es1.myhost.com', 'es2.myhost.com', 'es3.myhost.com']
    secure : true
  }
};

var es = elasticsearch(config);

If you run on different ports for each server, use the hosts property:

var elasticsearch = require('es');
var config = {
  _index : 'bawss',
  server : {
    hosts : ['localhost:9200', 'localhost:9201', 'localhost:9202']
  }
};

var es = elasticsearch(config);

operation timeout

The default timeout for any operation against Elasticsearch is set at 30 seconds. You can override this value by specifying a timeout property in the options for the operation:

var options = {
  timeout : 60000 // 60 seconds
};

es.bulk(options, commands, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});

request event

An event named request with a signature of function (options) { } is emitted for each API call.

var elasticsearch = require('es');

var config = {
  _index : 'bawss',
  server : {
    hosts : ['localhost:9200', 'localhost:9201', 'localhost:9202']
  }
};

var es = elasticsearch(config);

es.request.on('request', function (options) {
  console.log('request initiated');
  console.log(options);
});

es.count(function (err, results) {
  // event results in request options being logged to console...
});

options for any operation

For each ES operation, options may be specified as the first argument to the function. In most cases, these are entirely optional, but when supplied, the values specified will take precedent over the config values passed to the library constructor. Additionally, if there are extra option keys supplied beyond what is required for the operation, they are mapped directly to the querystring.

var options = {
  _index : 'bawss',
  _type : 'man',
  refresh : true
};

var doc = {
  field1 : 'test value'
};

es.index(options, doc, function (err, data) {
  // this will result in a POST with path /bawss/man?refresh=true
});

Core

For more specifics and details regarding the core API for ElasticSearch, please refer to the documentation at http://www.elasticsearch.org/guide/reference/api/.

Bulk

Please Note: The default timeout is set at 30 seconds... if you are performing a large bulk insert you may need to increase this limit by specifying a higher value for timeout in the options parameter.

This method doesn't take into account the underlying config that was used when instantiating the client. It requires index and type to be specified via the commands array or via the options parameter. Conflict will occur if one specifies a different index and type in the options than what is specified via the commands parameter.

At a high level, when performing a bulk update, you must supply an array with an action object followed by the object that the action will use during execution. In the following example, the first item in the array specifies the action is index and the second item represents the data to index:

[
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'hamish', breed : 'manx', color : 'tortoise' }
]

In this example, two index actions will be performed on the 'dieties' index and 'kitteh' type in ElasticSearch:

[
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'dugald', breed : 'siamese', color : 'white' },
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'keelin', breed : 'domestic long-hair', color : 'russian blue' }
]

For more information regarding bulk, please see the ElasticSearch documentation at http://www.elasticsearch.org/guide/reference/api/bulk/

es.bulk(options, commands, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch();

var commands = [
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'hamish', breed : 'manx', color : 'tortoise' },
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'dugald', breed : 'siamese', color : 'white' },
  { index : { _index : 'dieties', _type : 'kitteh' } },
  { name : 'keelin', breed : 'domestic long-hair', color : 'russian blue' }
];

es.bulk(options, commands, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});
Bulk Index

This is not a core action for ElasticSearch, but is a convenience method added to this ElasticSearch client to make bulk indexing more straight forward. Simply supply an array of documents you wish to bulk index in ElasticSearch and the method will take of the details for you.

es.bulkIndex(options, documents, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch();

var documents = [
  { name : 'hamish', breed : 'manx', color : 'tortoise' },
  { name : 'dugald', breed : 'siamese', color : 'white' },
  { name : 'keelin', breed : 'domestic long-hair', color : 'russian blue' }
];

var options = {
  _index : 'dieties',
  _type : 'kitteh'
}

es.bulkIndex(options, documents, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});
Count

es.count(options, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es');
  es = elasticsearch();

es.count(function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});

// count docs in a specific index/type
var options = {
  _index : 'bawss',
  _type : 'kitteh'
}

es.count(options, function (err, data) {
  // counted... like a bawss
});
Delete

Requires _index be specified either via lib config (as shown below) or via options when calling the operation.

es.delete(options, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch();

core.delete({ _id : 'mbQZc_XhQDWmNCQX5KwPeA' }, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});
Delete By Query

Requires _index be specified either via lib config (as shown below) or via options when calling the operation.

es.deleteByQuery(options, query, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch({ _index : 'kitteh' });

var query = {
  query : {
    field : { breed : 'siamese' }
  }
};

es.deleteByQuery(query, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});
Exists

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.exists(options, callback)

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  es = elasticsearch();

es.exists({ _index : 'kitteh' }, function (err, data) {
  // teh datas
});
Explain

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.explain(options, query, callback)

Get

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.get(options, callback)

Index

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.index(options, doc, callback)

More Like This

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.moreLikeThis(options, callback)

Multi Get

If _index and/or _type are supplied via options (or lib config), the will applied to the doc that is transmitted for the operation.

es.multiGet(options, docs, callback)

es.multiSearch(options, queries, callback)

Percolate

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.percolate(options, doc, callback)

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.registerPercolator(options, query, callback)

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.unregisterPercolator(options, callback)

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.search(options, query, callback)

Scroll

Requires scroll be specified via options when calling the method. The following code snippet shows how to perform a search with a subsequent scroll.

var
  elasticsearch = require('es'),
  config = {
    _index : 'kittehs'
  },
  es = elasticsearch(config);

// first search, specifying scan search_type
es.search({
    search_type : 'scan',
    scroll : '10m'
  }, {
    query : {
      match_all : {}
    }
  }, function (err, data) {
    // next, perform the scroll with the _scroll_id value returned
    es.scroll({ scroll : '10m' }, data['_scroll_id'], callback);
  });
Suggest

es.suggest(options, query, callback)

Update

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires _id, but this must be specified via options.

es.update(options, doc, callback)

Validate

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.validate(options, query, callback)

Indices

All operations here interact with the indices segment of the Elasticsearch API.

Alias

es.indices.alias(options, data, callback)

Aliases

Requires alias, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.aliases(options, callback)

Analyze

es.indices.analyze(options, data, callback)

Clear Cache

es.indices.clearCache(options, callback)

Close Index

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.closeIndex(options, callback)

Create Index

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.createIndex(options, data, callback)

Create Template

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.createTemplate(options, template, callback)

Delete Alias

Requires _index and _alias be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.deleteAlias(opitons, callback)

Delete Index

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.deleteIndex(options, callback)

Delete Mapping

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.deleteMapping(options, callback)

Delete Template

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.deleteTemplate(options, callback)

Delete Warmer

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation. Also requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.deleteWarmer(options, callback)

Exists

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.exists(options, callback)

Flush

es.indices.flush(options, callback)

Mappings

es.indices.mappings(options, callback)

Open Index

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.openIndex(options, callback)

Optimize

es.indices.optimize(options, callback)

Put Mapping

Requires _index and _type be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.putMapping(options, mapping, callback)

Put Warmer

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.putWarmer(options, warmer, callback)

Refresh

es.indices.refresh(options, callback)

Segments

es.indices.segments(options, callback)

Settings

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.settings(options, callback)

Snapshot

es.indices.snapshot(options, callback)

Stats

es.indices.stats(options, callback)

Status

es.indices.status(options, callback

Templates

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.indices.templates(options, callback)

Update Settings

es.indices.updateSettings(options, settings, callback)

Warmers

Requires _index be specified either via lib config or via options when calling the operation.

es.indices.warmers(options, callback)

Cluster

All operations here interact with the Cluster portion of the Elasticsearch API.

Delete River

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.cluster.deleteRiver(options, callback)

Field Stats

Requires field or fields, but this must be specified via options.

es.cluster.fieldStats(options, callback)

Health

es.cluster.health(options, callback)

Hot Threads

es.cluster.hotThreads(options, callback)

Nodes Info

es.cluster.nodesInfo(options, callback)

Nodes Stats

es.cluster.nodesStats(options, callback)

Put River

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.cluster.putRiver(options, meta, callback)

Reroute

es.cluster.reroute(options, commands, callback)

Rivers

Requires name, but this must be specified via options.

es.cluster.rivers(options, callback)

Settings

es.cluster.settings(options, callback)

Shutdown

es.cluster.shutdown(options, callback)

State

es.cluster.state(options, callback)

Update Settings

es.cluster.updateSettings(options, updates, callback)

Testing

Note that a test coverage report is sent to coveralls.io during CI... running locally will result in a response similar to Bad response: 500 {"message":"Build processing error.","error":true,"url":""}. Code coverage data generated from npm test is located in ./lib-cov and is not included in the git repo.

npm install
npm test

To run code coverage and generate local report at ./reports/coverage.html:

npm run-script coverage

Requirements

  • Node.js
  • elasticsearch
  • The need for search

License

MIT

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