faye-redis-sharded

Redis backend engine for Faye with support for sharding

npm install faye-redis-sharded
14 downloads in the last week
33 downloads in the last month

faye-redis-sharded

This plugin provides a Redis-based backend for the Faye messaging server. It allows a single Faye service to be distributed across many front-end web servers by storing state and routing messages through a Redis database server.

In addition to the normal faye-redis engine, faye-redis-sharded provides the ability to split keys across multiple redis servers via consistent hashing, and even supports publishes to different redis server clusters.

Installation

npm install faye-redis-sharded

Usage

Pass in the engine and any settings you need when setting up your Faye server.

var faye  = require('faye'),
    redis = require('faye-redis-sharded'),
    http  = require('http');

var server = http.createServer();

var bayeux = new faye.NodeAdapter({
  mount:    '/',
  timeout:  25,
  engine: {
    type:  redis,
    hosts: ['redis-server-1:6397','redis-server-1:6380', 'redis-server-2:6379']
    // more options
  }
});

bayeux.attach(server);
server.listen(8000);

The full list of settings is as follows.

  • host - hostname of your Redis instance
  • port - port number, default is 6379
  • password - password, if requirepass is set
  • database - number of database to use, default is 0
  • shards - an array of shards to instead of a single redis instance. Each shard has the following options: host, port, password, database, shardName. See the Shards section for more info.
  • namespace - prefix applied to all keys, default is ''

Shards

The shards option can take two forms:

  // a flat array -- each member of the array will be a redis instance to connect to
  var shards = [
    {
      shardName: 'redis-1', // unique shard name used for consistent hashing -- if not supplied, will default to "host + ':' + port"
      host: 'redis-server-1.example.com', // required
      port: 6397, // required
      password: 'password', // optional
      database: 0, // optional
    },
    {
      shardName: 'redis-2',
      host: 'redis-server-2.example.com',
      port: 6398
    }
  ];

  // an array of arrays -- the first nested array will be treated as the "primary" shard cluster
  // all nested arrays after the first one will be treated as "secondary" clusters and will only receive publishes
  // this version is useful if you have Faye running in multiple datacenters and publishes must be pushed to both
  var shards = [
    [{ // primary shard
      host: 'datacenter1-redis.example.com',
      port: 6397
    },
    {
      host: 'datacenter1-redis.example.com',
      port: 6398
    }],
    [{ // secondary shard
      host: 'datacenter2-redis.example.com',
      port: 6397
    },
    {
      host: 'datacenter2-redis.example.com',
      port: 6398
    }],
    [{ // secondary shard
      host: 'datacenter3-redis.example.com',
      port: 6397
    },
    {
      host: 'datacenter3-redis.example.com',
      port: 6398
    }],
  ];

Sharding

The default Shard Manager uses consistent hashing using MurmurHash3 to hash the key. In most cases, the key lookup will be performed using a clientId when available instead of the actual redis key value. This is done to be able to maintain a client list per redis server so that the client list does not become a hot spot on one server.

TODO

  1. Add tests/benchmarks
  2. Pull consistent hashing into its own package
  3. Ability to specify server weights via the hosts field.
  4. Ability to provide a custom shard manager so users can add their own implementations.
  5. Ability to perform resharding of keys when hosts change

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2011-2012 James Coglan

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

npm loves you