grunt-licktung

A fork from grunt-template-runner to made i18n simple

npm install grunt-licktung
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grunt-template-runner

Runs i18n and template engine at grunt's compile time.

Goal

Simple source file translation tool at grunt's compile time : any source file (no matter its format) may be easily translated using i18n-node or node-gettext.

Getting Started

This plugin requires Grunt ~0.4.1

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install grunt-template-runner --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-template-runner');

The "template_runner" task

Run this task with the grunt less command.

Task targets, files and options may be specified according to the grunt Configuring tasks guide.

Overview

In your project's Gruntfile, add a section named template_runner to the data object passed into grunt.initConfig().

grunt.initConfig({
  template_runner: {
    basic: {
      options: {
        // Task-specific options go here.
      },
      files: {
        // Target-specific file lists go here.
      },
    },
  },
})

Destination folder

If the destination isn't a file name but a folder name (either a trailing '/' or the name of an existing folder) each input file will result in the generation of a new destination file for each specified language (see folder example below).

Options

data

Type: JSON Default value: {}

Additional manual data which may be provided as template source data.

directory

Type: String Default value: locales

Specifies directory where sources json translation data files will be read. For i18n-node this directory should contain translation data for each language in a file named language.json (eg. en.json). For node-gettext this directory should contain translation data for each language in a file named prefix_language.json with prefix as gettext option value and language as language code (eg. default_de.json)

extension

Type: String Default value: null

If not null, this extension will override file extension for all generated files.

gettext

Type: String Default value: null

Defines gettext prefix files. If null gettext isn't use an default i18n-node is used.

gettext_suffix

Type: String Default value: mo

Defines gettext suffix (extension). May be either mo to use binary .mo or po to use .po files.

i18n

Type: Boolean Default value: true

If true internationalization will be used, otherwise the bare templating rendering is used.

locales

Type: String|Array Default value: []

Defines the list of all availables locales (ie. languages).

variable

Type: String Default value: null

Optional Underscore's template variable attribute.

Usage Examples

Internationalization

In this example, an i18n mechanism is used at grunt's compile time using files containing simple gettext like tags. It internally uses i18n-node to provide translations. Here is a sample execution case of the following configuration :

  • if the src/basic.html contains some html with included translations : <div>Title _('Hello')</div>
  • and if the locales directory contains only a fr.json translation file containing : { "Hello": "Bonjour" }
  • then this configuration will generate two destination files containing translated content :
  • basic_en.html containing : <div>Title Hello</div>
  • basic_fr.html containing : <div>Title Bonjour</div>
grunt.initConfig({
  template_runner: {
    options: {
      locales: ['en', 'fr'],
      directory: 'locales'
    },
    files: {
      'dest/basic.html': ['src/basic.html'],
    },
  },
})

Destination folder

This is basically the same example as the last one despite the destination file is a folder name. As the destination isn't a single file, each source file will generate a new file in the destination folder. Eg. for configuration below both basic_en.html and another_en.hbs will be created in the dest folder.

grunt.initConfig({
  template_runner: {
    options: {
      locales: ['en'],
      directory: 'locales'
    },
    files: {
      'dest/': ['src/basic.html', 'src/another.hbs'],
    },
  },
})

Gettext

This example shows how to use gettext's mo translation files. The gettext option defines the name of files to load in the translation directory. Defaults behavior uses .mo gettext binary files, in this example the gettext_suffix option is set in order to use .po.

grunt.initConfig({
  template_runner: {
    options: {
      locales: ['en', 'fr'],
      directory: 'locales',
      gettext: 'default',
      gettext_suffix: 'po'
    },
    files: {
      'dest/': ['src/basic.html', 'src/another.hbs'],
    },
  },
})

Bare template

In this example, the bare Underscore template is used, usage of bare templating isn't the most useful part of this plugin but it's still here. The mandatory part in to disable internationalization by using i18n: false option. If input file contains an ERB string its contents gets updated using template data provided in the options. Eg. If source contains Plain text template <%= name %> the result of the following configuration should be Plain text template Erik.

grunt.initConfig({
  template_runner: {
    options: {
      i18n: false,
      data: {name : 'Erik'}
    },
    files: {
      'dest/myDest.txt': ['src/mySource.txt'],
    },
  },
})

Contributing

In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Lint and test your code using Grunt.

Release History

0.2.1 - Add gettext for both 'mo' and 'po'. 0.2.0 - Add gettext usage. 0.1.1 - Add internationalization. 0.1.0 - Initial version.

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