grunt-text-replace

Replace text in files using strings, regexs or functions.

npm install grunt-text-replace
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grunt-text-replace 'Build status'

Replace text in files using strings, regexs or functions.

Installation

In your project's gruntfile directory, run:

npm install grunt-text-replace --save-dev

Then add this line to your project's gruntfile:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-text-replace');

Usage

replace: {
  example: {
    src: ['text/*.txt'],             // source files array (supports minimatch)
    dest: 'build/text/',             // destination directory or file
    replacements: [{
      from: 'Red',                   // string replacement
      to: 'Blue'
    }, {
      from: /(f|F)(o{2,100})/g,      // regex replacement ('Fooo' to 'Mooo')
      to: 'M$2'
    }, {
      from: 'Foo',
      to: function (matchedWord) {   // callback replacement
        return matchedWord + ' Bar';
      }
    }]
  }
}

Here's another example using grunt.template, and overwriting original source files:

replace: {
  another_example: {
    src: ['build/*.html'],
    overwrite: true,                 // overwrite matched source files
    replacements: [{
      from: /[0-9]{1,2}\/[0-9]{1,2}\/[0-9]{2,4}/g,
      to: "<%= grunt.template.today('dd/mm/yyyy') %>"
    }]
  }
}

API reference

replace

replace is the top level task that goes in your grunt.initConfig({}). It is a multi-task, meaning that it must contain targets, which you can name anything you like.

src

src is an array of source files to be replaced, and is required. It supports minimatch paths.

dest

dest is the destination for files to be replaced, and can refer to either a:

  • file: 'path/output.txt'
  • directory: 'path/'

grunt-text-replace will throw an error if multiple source files are mapped to a single file.

overwrite

overwrite should be used for in-place replacement, that is when all you need to do is overwrite existing files. To use it, omit dest, otherwise grunt-text-replace will throw an error. You can only use one or the other.

replacements

replacements is an array of from and to replacements. See the examples above.

from

from is the old text that you'd like replace. It can be a:

  • plain string: 'Red' matches all instances of 'Red' in file
  • regular expression object: /Red/g same as above

to

to is the replacement. It can be a:

  • plain string
  • string containing a grunt.template
  • string containing regex variables $1, $2, etc
  • combination of the above
  • function where the return value will be used as the replacement text (supports grunt.template)
  • any JavaScript object

function

Where to is a function, the function receives 4 parameters:

  1. matchedWord: the matched word
  2. index: an integer representing point where word was found in a text
  3. fullText: the full original text
  4. regexMatches: an array containing all regex matches, empty if none defined or found.
// Where the original source file text is:  "Hello world"

replacements: [{
  from: /wor(ld)/g,
  to: function (matchedWord, index, fullText, regexMatches) {
    // matchedWord:  "world"
    // index:  6
    // fullText:  "Hello world"
    // regexMatches:  ["ld"]
    return 'planet';   //
  }
}]

// The new text will now be:  "Hello planet"

JavaScript object

Where to is a JavaScript object, type coercion will apply as follows:

  1. null: will result in an empty string
  2. undefined: will return in an empty string
  3. other: all other values will use default JavaScript type coercion. Examples:
    • false: 'false'
    • true: 'true'
    • 0: '0'

options

options is an object, specific to a target, and the only supported option is processTemplates

processTemplates

processTemplates when set to false (by default it is true) switches off grunt.template processing within function return statements. It doesn't work for string replacements (ie. when the replacement is a string, not a function), as grunt processes templates within config string values before they are passed to the plugin.

replace: {
  prevent_templates_example: {
    src: ['text/*.txt'],
    dest: 'build/text/',
    options: {
      processTemplates: false
    },
    replacements: [{
      from: /url\(.*\)/g,
      to: function () {
        return "url(<% Don't process this template, retain the delimeters %>)";
      }
    }]
  }
}

Road map

Some changes I'm considering. Happy to receive suggestions for/against:

  • Consolidate function parameters. This would mean replacing the 4 existing function parameters 'matchedWord', 'index', 'fullText' and 'regexMatches' with a single 'data' object with 4 members.
  • Source/Destination paths in function callback. The above change makes it easier to add the source and destination paths as part of the data parameter in the function callback, which is a requested feature.
  • Grunt 4.0 'files' and 'options'. At some point I might move to bringing the plugin in alignment with the Grunt 4.0 convention of having standard 'files' and 'options' objects.

Release History

  • v0.3.11 - 2014/02/09. Added support for non-string or function 'to' replacements.
  • v0.3.10 - 2013/12/02. Removed test for no source files found, accepting a pull request to do so. It's quite reasonable that you'd specify rewrite rules for files that may, or may not exist. Let me know if removing this is a problem for you.
  • v0.3.9 - 2013/10/26. Copy amends in docs
  • v0.3.8 - 2013/09/22. Minor data checking issue, merged from pull request.
  • v0.3.7 - 2013/08/26. Bumped grunt requirements from 0.4.0 to 0.4.1 due to changes to path API.
  • v0.3.6 - 2013/06/21. Updated links in docs, some of which were pointing to 404 pages.
  • v0.3.5 - 2013/06/19. Minor clean up of docs & package.json. No functional changes since 0.3.1.
  • v0.3.1 - 2013/02/18. Minor feature addition: processTemplates: false to switch off grunt templates in function return statements.
  • v0.3.0 - 2013/02/17. Updated to work in Grunt 4.0. This release is not backwards compatible with grunt 0.3.x.
  • v0.2.10 - 2012/12/21. Minor internal refactor to better support globally installed instances of grunt on some systems.
  • v0.2.9 - 2012/11/26. Fixed issue where overwrite: true was not working where multiple src files were defined.
  • v0.2.7 - 2012/11/25. Fixed issue where replacing a string globally would fail if regex characters were present in string. This is no longer a problem.
  • v0.2.5 - 2012/11/23. Function replacements now support grunt.template.
  • v0.2.0 - 2012/11/21. Added tests, refactored internals, strings now replace globally within a file, updated documentation.
  • v0.1.0 - 2012/11/12. Initial release.

Patch releases will generally remain undocumented in this release history. I'll do so if there's enough reason for it, such as a functionality tweak, or significant bug fix. For more detail see the source.

License

Copyright (c) 2013 Jonathan Holmes Licensed under the MIT license.

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