h5.step

Flow control for node.js and the browser.

npm install h5.step
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h5.step

Flow control for node.js and the browser.

Installation

npm install h5.step

Usage

Require the h5.step module:

var step = require('h5.step');

Call the step() function with individual step functions as arguments:

step(
  function step1()
  {
    console.log("Step 1");
  },
  function step2()
  {
    console.log("Step 2");
  },
  function step3()
  {
    console.log("Step 3");
  }
);

Each step is executed in a shared context (this variable). That context is an object with a few predefined properties (actions) that are used to change the control flow (see API). Only one type of action can be used per step, i.e. one cannot call done() and then next() in the same step function. For example, this is invalid (done() AND next() are called):

function stepN()
{
  this.done();
  this.next();
}

But this is allowed (done() OR next() is called):

function stepN(err)
{
  if (err)
  {
    return this.done();
  }

  setTimeout(this.next(), 1000);
}

One can also set custom properties on the context object in one step and use them in the next steps:

step(
  function step1()
  {
    this.visited = [1];
  },
  function step2()
  {
   this.visited.push(2);
  },
  function step3()
  {
    this.visited.push(3);

    console.log("Visited: %s", this.visited.join(', '));
  }
);

Differently from other flow control libraries, h5.step doesn't catch any exceptions to pass them as the first argument to the next step.

Usage in a browser (AMD only)

To use the library in a browser, one must install the development dependencies (or have r.js available in PATH):

cd node_modules/h5.step/
npm install

And then run the amd script:

npm run-script amd

Copy the lib-amd/h5.step/ directory to your project.

API

next()

Returns a function that must be called before the next step is executed. All arguments specified to that function will be passed as arguments to the next step.

The callback can be resolved asynchronously as well as synchronously. Even if the callback was resolved synchronously, the next step will be executed after the current step has finished executing.

Only one next() call can be used per step function (as opposed to group() or parallel()).

Should be used when only one operation must be run before executing the next step.

var step = require('h5.step');

step(
  function step1()
  {
    setTimeout(this.next(), 1000, 'foo');

    console.log("#1");
  },
  function step2(a)
  {
    console.log("#2 a=%s", a);

    setTimeout(this.next(), 1000, a, 'bar');
  },
  function step3(a, b)
  {
    console.log("#3 a=%s b=%s", a, b);
  }
);

// Should result in:
// #1
// #2 a=foo
// #3 a=foo b=bar

skip()

Skips to the last step when the current one finishes executing. All arguments specified to skip() will be passed as arguments to the last step.

Can be used to delegate the error handling to the last step.

var step = require('h5.step');

step(
  function step1()
  {
    this.skip("Hello World!");

    console.log("#1");
  },
  function step2(a)
  {
    console.log("#2");
  },
  function step3(a)
  {
    console.log("#3: %s", a);
  }
);

// Should result in:
// #1
// #3: Hello World!

done()

Invokes the specified callback when the current step finishes executing and stops executing any other steps. All arguments after the first one will be passed as arguments to the specified callback. If no callback was specified or the first argument is not a function, then simply stops the chain of execution.

Should be used to early call an external callback in case of an error.

var step = require('h5.step');

function cb(message)
{
  console.log(message);
}

step(
  function step1()
  {
    this.done(cb, "Done!");

    console.log("#1");
  },
  function step2()
  {
    console.log("#2");
  },
  function step3()
  {
    console.log("#3");
  }
);

// Should result in:
// #1
// Done!

parallel()

Returns a function that must be called before the next step is executed. Can be used multiple times (as opposed to next()) and in that case, the next step is executed only after all functions have been called.

The callbacks are expected to be called with at most two arguments, where the first one is an Error (or null) and the second - a result of the operation.

parallel() collects arguments of all callbacks and when they're all resolved, the next step is called with the first truthy argument value of any callback as the first argument and the next arguments as values of the second argument of each callback (in order of parallel() calls).

Should be used when multiple, fixed number of operations must be run before executing the next step.

parallel() differs from group() only in a way the resulting values are passed to the next step.

var step = require('h5.step');

step(
  function step1()
  {
    console.log("#1.0");

    setTimeout(this.parallel(), 200, null, 1);
    setTimeout(this.parallel(), 400, null, 2);
    setTimeout(this.parallel(), 600, '#3', 3);
    setTimeout(this.parallel(), 800, null, 4);

    console.log("#1.1");
  },
  function step2(err, a, b, c, d)
  {
    console.log("err=%s a=%d b=%d c=%d d=%d", err, a, b, c, d);
  }
);

// Should result in:
// #1.0
// #1.1
// err=#3 a=1 b=2 c=3 d=4

group()

Returns a function that must be called before the next step is executed. Can be used multiple times (as opposed to next()) and in that case, the next step is executed only after all functions have been called.

The callbacks are expected to be called with at most two arguments, where the first one is an Error (or null) and the second - a result of the operation.

group() collects arguments of all callbacks and when they're all resolved, the next step is called with the first truthy argument value of any callback as the first argument, and an array of results (in order of group() calls) as the second argument.

Should be used when dynamic number of operations must be run before executing the next step.

group() differs from parallel() only in a way the resulting values are passed to the next step.

var step = require('h5.step');

step(
  function step1()
  {
    console.log("#1.0");

    for (var i = 1; i <= 4; ++i)
    {
      setTimeout(this.group(), i * 200, i === 3 ? '#3' : null, i);
    }

    console.log("#1.1");
  },
  function step2(err, results)
  {
    console.log("err=%s results=[%s]", err, results.join(', '));
  }
);

// Should result in:
// #1.0
// #1.1
// err=#3 results=[1, 2, 3, 4]

Tests

To run the tests, clone the repository:

git clone git://github.com/morkai/h5.step.git

Install the development dependencies:

cd h5.step/
npm install

And execute the test script:

npm test

To also generate the code coverage report, include the --coverage argument:

npm test --coverage

The coverage report will be generated to coverage/ directory and can be viewed in the browser by opening the h5.step/coverage/lcov-report/index.html file.

License

This project is released under the MIT License.

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