iodocs

Live API Documentation and Browsing

npm install iodocs
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I/O Docs - Open Source in Node.js

Copyright 2012 Mashery, Inc.

http://www.mashery.com

http://developer.mashery.com

SYNOPSIS

I/O Docs is a live interactive documentation system for RESTful web APIs. By defining APIs at the resource, method and parameter levels in a JSON schema, I/O Docs will generate a JavaScript client interface. API calls can be executed from this interface, which are then proxied through the I/O Docs server with payload data cleanly formatted (pretty-printed if JSON or XML).

You can find the latest version here: https://github.com/mashery/iodocs

However, we recommend that you install I/O Docs with npm, the Node package manager. See instructions below.

BUILD/RUNTIME DEPENDENCIES

  1. Node.js - server-side JS engine
  2. npm - node package manager
  3. Redis - key+value storage engine

Note: Node and some of the modules require compiler (like gcc). If you are on a Mac, you will need to install XCode. If you're on Linux, you'll need to install build-essentials, or something equivalent.

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR NODE, NPM & REDIS

  1. Node.js - https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki/Installation
  2. npm (Node package manager) - https://github.com/isaacs/npm
  3. Redis - http://redis.io/download

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR I/O DOCS

From the command line type in:

  git clone http://github.com/mashery/iodocs.git
  cd iodocs
  npm install

Node Module Dependencies

These will be automatically installed when you use any of the above npm installation methods above.

  1. express - framework
  2. oauth - oauth library
  3. redis - connector to Redis
  4. connect-redis - Redis session store
  5. querystring - used to parse query string
  6. jade - the view engine

Note: hashlib is no longer a required module -- we're using the internal crypto module for signatures and digests.

RUNNING I/O DOCS

  1. You will need to copy config.json.sample to config.json. The defaults will work, but feel free to change them.
  2. node ./app.js
  3. Point your browser to: http://localhost:3000

QUICK API CONFIGURATION EXAMPLE

Adding an API to the I/O Docs configuration is relatively simple.

First, append the new top-level service information to the ./public/data/apiconfig.json file.

Example:

"lowercaseapi": {
    "name": "Lower Case API",
    "protocol": "http",
    "baseURL": "api.lowercase.sample.com",
    "publicPath": "/v1",
    "auth": "key",
    "keyParam": "api_key_var_name",
    "headers": {
                "Accept": "application/json",
                "Foo": "bar"
    }
}

Add the file ./public/data/lowercaseapi.json to define the API.

Example:

{
    "endpoints": [
        {
            "name": "Resource Group A",
            "methods": [
                {
                    "MethodName": "Method A1",
                    "Synopsis": "Grabs information from the A1 data set",
                    "HTTPMethod": "GET",
                    "URI": "/a1/grab",
                    "RequiresOAuth": "N",
                    "parameters": [
                        {
                            "Name": "param_1_name",
                            "Required": "Y",
                            "Default": "",
                            "Type": "string",
                            "Description": "Description of the first parameter."
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

TOP-LEVEL SERVICE CONFIG DETAILS - apiconfig.json

The apiconfig.json file contains high-level information about an API.

Example #1 - Explanation of each field in an example API config that uses basic key authentication:

"lower": {
    "name": "My API",
    "protocol": "http",
    "baseURL": "api.lowercase.sample.com",
    "publicPath": "/v1",
    "auth": "key",
    "keyParam": "api_key_var_name",
    "headers": {
                "Accept": "application/json",
                "Foo": "bar"
    }
}

Line:

  1. Handle of the API. It is used to pull up the client interface in the URL:

    Ex: http://127.0.0.1:3000/lower

  2. "name" key value is a string that holds the name of the API that is used in the Jade template output.

  3. "protocol" key value is either http or https

  4. "baseURL" key value is the host name of the API calls (should not include protocol)

  5. "publicPath" key value is the full path prefix prepended to all method URIs. This value often includes the version in RESTful APIs.

    Ex: "/v1"

    In the Example #3 below, there is also "privatePath" which is used for endpoints behind protected resources.

  6. "auth" key value is the auth method. Valid values can be:

      "key" - simple API key in the URI
      "oauth1" - OAuth 1.0/1.0a
      "" - no authentication
    
  7. "keyParam" key value is name of the query parameter that is added to an API request when the "auth" key value from (5) is set to "key".

  8. "headers" object contains key value pairs of HTTP headers that will be sent for each request for API. These are static key/value pairs.

  9. Closing curly-bracket ;)


Example #2 - Explanation of each field in an example API config that uses basic key authentication with signatures (signed call).

"upper": {
   "name": "Upper API",
   "protocol": "http",
   "baseURL": "api.upper.sample.com",
   "publicPath": "/v3",
   "auth": "key",
   "keyParam": "api_key_var_name",
   "signature": {
      "type": "signed_md5",
      "sigParam": "sig",
      "digest": "hex"  
   }
}

Line:

  1. Handle of the API. It is used to pull up the client interface in the URL:

    Ex: http://127.0.0.1:3000/upper

  2. "name" key value is a string that holds the name of the API that is used in the Jade template output.

  3. "protocol" key value is either http or https

  4. "baseURL" key value is the host name of the API calls (should not include protocol)

  5. "publicPath" key value is the full path prefix prepended to all method URIs. This value often includes the version in RESTful APIs.

    Ex: "/v3"

    In the Example #3 below, there is also "privatePath" which is used for endpoints behind protected resources.

  6. "auth" key value is the auth method. Valid values can be:

      "key" - simple API key in the URI
      "oauth1" - OAuth 1.0/1.0a
      "" - no authentication
    
  7. "keyParam" key value is the name of the query parameter that is added to an API request when the "auth" key value from (5) is set to "key"

  8. "signature" is a JSON object that contains the details about the API call signing requirements. The signature routine coded in app.js is a hash of the string concatenation of API key, API key secret and timestamp (epoch).

  9. "type" key value is either signed_md5 or signed_sha256. More signature methods are available with crypto.js, but have not been included in the code as options.

  10. "sigParam" key value is the name of the query parameter that is added to an API request that holds the digital signature.

  11. "digest" key value is the digest algorithm that is used. Values can be hex, base64 or binary.

  12. Closing curly-bracket for the "signature" object

  13. Closing curly bracket for main object.


Example #3 - Twitter API config that uses 3-legged OAuth

"twitter": {
    "name": "Twitter API",
    "protocol": "http",
    "baseURL": "api.twitter.com",
    "publicPath": "/1",
    "privatePath": "/1",
    "booleanTrueVal": "true",
    "booleanFalseVal": "false",
    "auth": "oauth",
    "oauth" : {
       "type": "three-legged",
       "requestURL": "https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token",
       "signinURL": "https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize?oauth_token="
       "accessURL": "https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token",
       "version": "1.0",
       "crypt": "HMAC-SHA1",
   }
   "keyParam": "",
}

Line:

  1. Handle of the API. It is used to pull up the client interface in the URL:

    Ex: http://127.0.0.1:3000/twitter

  2. "name" key value is a string that holds the name of the API that is used in the Jade template output.

  3. "protocol" key value contains either http or https, but you're welcome to try other protocols.

  4. "baseURL" key value is the base URL that accepts the API calls (should not include protocol)

  5. "publicPath" key value is the path prefix prepended to all method URIs for non-protected method resources. This value often includes the version in RESTful APIs.

    Ex: "/v1", "/1", etc.

  6. "privatePath" key value is the path prefix prepended to all method URIs for OAuth protected method resources. This value is most often the version in RESTful APIs.

    Ex: "/v1", "/1", etc.

  7. "booleanTrueVal" key value is the default value for true Boolean values that are sent in API requests. Some APIs are designed to accept a wide variety of true derivatives, but some are very strict about this value.

    Ex: "true", "TRUE", "True", "t", "T", "1", etc. Default: "true"

  8. "booleanFalseVal" key value is the default value for false Boolean values that are sent in API requests. Some APIs are designed to accept a wide variety of false derivatives, but some are very strict about this value.

    Ex: "false", "FALSE", "False", "f", "F", "0", etc. Default: "false"

  9. "auth" key value is set to "oauth" when OAuth is the authentication mechanism. Field is required.

  10. "oauth" key value is a JSON object that contains the OAuth implementation details for this API. Field is required when "auth" value is "oauth".

  11. "type" key value is the OAuth is the authorization flow used for this API. Valid values are "three-legged" (normal authorization flow) and "two-legged" (no authorization flow).

  12. "requestURL" key value is the Request Token URL used in the OAuth dance (used in three-legged scenario).

  13. "signinURL" key value is the User Authorization URL used in the OAuth dance (where the user is redirected to provide their credentials -- used in three-legged scenario).

  14. "accessURL" key value is the Access Token URL used in the OAuth dance (used in three-legged scenario).

  15. "version" key value is the OAuth version. As of I/O Docs v1.1, "1.0" is the only supported version. Note: use "1.0" for both 1.0 and 1.0A implementations.

  16. "crypt" key value is the OAuth signature method. As of I/O Docs v1.1 "HMAC-SHA1" is the only supported signing method.

  17. Closing curly bracket for "oauth" JSON object.

  18. "keyParam" key value is blank when OAuth is the authentication method.

  19. Closing curly bracket for main object.

API-LEVEL CONFIG DETAILS

For every API that is configured in apiconfig.json a JSON config file must exist. You should look at the ./public/data/ directory for examples.

Example #1 - Explanation of each field in an example API-level configuration

{
   "name":"User Resources",
   "methods":[
      {
        "MethodName":"users/show",
         "Synopsis":"Returns extended user information",
         "HTTPMethod":"GET",
         "URI":"/users/show.json",
         "RequiresOAuth":"N",
         "parameters":[
             {
                "Name":"user_id",
                "Required":"Y",
                "Default":"",
                "Type":"string",
                "Description":"The ID of the user",
             },
             {
                "Name":"cereal",
                "Required":"Y",
                "Default":"fruitscoops",
                "Type":"enumerated",
                "EnumeratedList": [
                    "fruitscoops",
                    "sugarbombs",
                    "frostedteeth"
                   ],
                "EnumeratedDescription": {
                    "fruitscoops": "Fruit Scoops (packed with fruit goodness)",
                    "sugarbombs": "Sugar Bombs (filled with sugar)",
                    "frostedteeth": "Frosted Teeth (sugar coating)"
                   },
                "Description":"The type of cereal desired"
             },
             {
                "Name":"skip_status",
                "Required":"N",
                "Default":"",
                "Type":"boolean",
                "Description":"If true, status not included"
             }
        ]
    }]
}

Line:

  1. "name" key holds the value of the Resource name. Methods are grouped into Resources.

  2. "methods" key value is an array of JSON objects (each one being a method)

  3. "MethodName" key value is a string that is displayed via the view template.

  4. "Synopsis" key value is a short description of the method.

  5. "HTTPMethod" key value can be either GET, POST, DELETE or PUT (all caps)

  6. "URI" key value is the path to the method that is appended to the baseURL and the public/private path.

  7. "RequiresOAuth" key value is either Y or N. If Y, the privatePath is used from the top-level config. If N, the publicPath is used from the top-level config.

  8. "parameters" key value is an array of JSON objects (each one being a parameter)

  9. "Name" key value is a string that contains the name of the parameter.

  10. "Required" key value is either Y or N. If Y, the parameter will be output as bold.

  11. "Default" key value is a string, containing a default value that will be automatically populated onto the form.

  12. "Type" key value can be an arbitrary string that describes the variable type; however, the value is boolean or enumerated a drop-down (select) box will appear.

  13. "Description" key value is a string, containing the description of the parameter.

  14. "Type" key value is set to enumerated for this parameter.

  15. "EnumeratedList" key value is an array of enumerated values that will render a drop-down (select box) on the form.

  16. "EnumeratedDescription" key value is an object of enumerated values as keys, and their descriptions as values that will be displayed below the Description.

  17. Each value in the list is a string.

  18. "Type" key value is boolean that will render a drop-down (select box) on the form for true and false.

SUPPORT

If you need any help with I/O Docs, you can reach out to us via the GitHub Issues page at: http://github.com/mashery/iodocs/issues

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