jsonschema

A fast and easy to use JSON Schema validator

npm install jsonschema
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jsonschema

Simple and fast JSON schema validator. The latest IETF published draft is v3. This library is v3 compatible, but has some v4 additions. We aim to fully support v4 once it is is published.

Usage

Simple

Simple object validation using JSON schemas.

  var Validator = require('jsonschema').Validator;
  var v = new Validator();
  var instance = 4;
  var schema = {"type": "number"};
  console.log(v.validate(instance, schema));

Even simpler

  var validate = require('jsonschema').validate;
  console.log(validate(4, {"type": "number"}));

Complex example, with split schemas and references

  var Validator = require('jsonschema').Validator;
  var v = new Validator();

  // Address, to be embedded on Person
  var addressSchema = {
    "id": "/SimpleAddress",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
      "lines": {
        "type": "array",
        "items": {"type": "string"}
      },
      "zip": {"type": "string"},
      "city": {"type": "string"},
      "country": {"type": "string", "required": true}
    }
  };

  // Person
  var schema = {
    "id": "/SimplePerson",
    "type": "object",
    "properties": {
      "name": {"type": "string"},
      "address": {"$ref": "/SimpleAddress"},
      "votes": {"type": "integer", "minimum": 1}
    }
  };

  var p = {
    "name": "Barack Obama",
    "address": {
      "lines": [ "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest" ],
      "zip": "DC 20500",
      "city": "Washington",
      "country": "USA"
    },
    "votes": "lots"
  };

  v.addSchema(addressSchema, '/SimpleAddress');
  console.log(v.validate(p, schema));

Features

Definitions

All schema definitions are supported, $schema is ignored.

Types

All types are supported

String Formats

All formats are supported, phone numbers are expected to follow the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.123 standard.

Custom properties

Specify your own JSON Schema properties with the validator.attributes property:

validator.attributes.contains = function validateContains(instance, schema, options, ctx) {
  if(typeof instance!='string') return;
  if(typeof schema.contains!='string') throw new jsonschema.SchemaError('"contains" expects a string', schema);
  if(instance.indexOf()<0){
    return 'does not contain the string '+JSON.stringify(schema.contains);
  }
}
var result = validator.validate({x:0, y:10}, {type:"object", radius:{x:10, y:10, radius:5}});

The instance passes validation if the function returns nothing. A single validation error is produced if the fuction returns a string. Any number of errors (maybe none at all) may be returned by passing a ValidatorResult object, which may be used like so:

  var result = new ValidatorResult(instance, schema, options, ctx);
  while(someErrorCondition()){
    result.addError('fails some validation test');
  }
  return result;

Dereferencing schemas

Sometimes you may want to download schemas from remote sources, like a database, or over HTTP. When importing a schema, unknown references are inserted into the validator.unresolvedRefs Array. Asynchronously shift elements off this array and import them:

  var Validator = require('jsonschema').Validator;
  var v = new Validator();
  v.addSchema(initialSchema);
  function importNextSchema(){
    var nextSchema = v.unresolvedRefs.shift();
    if(!nextSchema){ done(); return; }
    databaseGet(nextSchema, function(schema){
      v.addSchema(schema);
      importNextSchema();
    });
  }
  importNextSchema();

Tests

Uses https://github.com/Julian/JSON-Schema-Test-Suite as well as our own. You'll need to update and init the git submodules:

git submodule update --init
npm test

License

jsonschema is licensed under MIT license.

Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Tom de Grunt <tom@degrunt.nl>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies
of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do
so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
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