jsverify

Property-based testing for JavaScript.

npm install jsverify
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JSVerify

Property based checking.

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Getting Started

Install the module with: npm install jsverify

Synopsis

var jsc = require("jsverify");

// forall (f : bool -> bool) (b : bool), f (f (f b)) = f(b).
var bool_fn_applied_thrice =
  jsc.forall(jsc.fn(jsc.bool()), jsc.bool(), function (f, b) {
    return f(f(f(b))) === f(b);
  });

jsc.assert(bool_fn_applied_thrice);
// OK, passed 100 tests

Documentation

Usage with mocha

Using jsverify with mocha is easy, just define the properties and use jsverify.assert.

You can also provide --jsverifyRngState state command line argument, to run tests with particular random generator state.

$ mocha examples/nat.js

1) natural numbers are less than 90:
 Error: Failed after 49 tests and 1 shrinks. rngState: 074e9b5f037a8c21d6; Counterexample: 90;

$ mocha examples/nat.js --grep 'are less than' --jsverifyRngState 074e9b5f037a8c21d6

1) natural numbers are less than 90:
   Error: Failed after 1 tests and 1 shrinks. rngState: 074e9b5f037a8c21d6; Counterexample: 90;

Errorneous case is found with first try.

Usage with jasmine

Check jasmineHelpers.js and jasmineHelpers2.js for jasmine 1.3 and 2.0 respectively.

API

Testing shows the presence, not the absence of bugs.

Edsger W. Dijkstra

To show that propositions hold, we need to construct proofs. There are two extremes: proof by example (unit tests) and formal (machine-checked) proof. Property-based testing is something in between. We formulate propositions, invariants or other properties we believe to hold, but only test it to hold for numerous (random generated) values.

Types and function signatures are written in Coq/Haskell influented style: C# -style List<T> filter(List<T> v, Func<T, bool> predicate) is represented by filter (v : array T) (predicate : T -> bool) : array T in our style.

jsverify can operate with both synchronous and asynchronous-promise properties. Generally every property can be wrapped inside functor, for now in either identity or promise functor, for synchronous and promise properties respectively.

Some type definitions to keep developers sane:

  • Functor f => property (size : nat) : f result
  • result := true | { counterexample: any }
  • Functor f => property_rec := f (result | property)
  • generator a := { arbitrary : a, shrink : a -> [a] }

Properties

forall (gens : generator a ...) (prop : a -> property_rec) : property

Property constructor

check (prop : property) (opts : checkoptions) : promise result + result

Run random checks for given prop. If prop is promise based, result is also wrapped in promise.

Options:

  • opts.tests - test count to run, default 100
  • opts.size - maximum size of generated values, default 5
  • opts.quiet - do not console.log
  • opts.rngState - state string for the rng

assert (prop : property) (opts : checkoptions) : void

Same as check, but throw exception if property doesn't hold.

Primitive generators

integer (maxsize : nat) : generator integer

Integers, ℤ

nat (maxsize : nat) : generator nat

Natural numbers, ℕ (0, 1, 2...)

number (maxsize : number) : generator number

JavaScript numbers, "doubles", ℝ. NaN and Infinity are not included.

bool () : generator bool

Booleans, true or false.

oneof (args : array any) : generator any

Random element of args array.

string () : generator string

Strings

value : generator value

JavaScript value: boolean, number, string, array of values or object with value values.

array (gen : generator a) : generator (array a)

pair (a : generator A) (b : generator B) : generator (A * B)

If not specified a and b are equal to value().

fn (gen : generator a) : generator (b -> a)

Unary functions.

fun alias for fn

Generator combinators

suchthat (gen : generator a) (p : a -> bool) : generator {a | p a == true}

Generator of values that satisfy p predicate. It's adviced that p's accept rate is high.

nonshrink (gen : generator a) : generator a

Non shrinkable version of generator gen.

jsc._ - miscellaneous utilities

assert (exp : bool) (message : string) : void

Throw an error with message if exp is falsy. Resembles node.js assert.

isEqual (a b : value) : bool

Equality test for value objects. See value generator.

random (min max : int) : int

Returns random int from [min, max] range inclusively.

getRandomInt(2, 3) // either 2 or 3

random.number (min max : number) : number

Returns random number from [min, max) range.

FMap (eq : a -> a -> bool) : FMap a

Finite map, with any object a key.

Short summary of member functions:

  • FMap.insert (key : a) (value : any) : void
  • FMap.get (key : a) : any
  • FMap.contains (key : a) : obool

Contributing

In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style.

  • Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality.
  • Lint and test your code using make test.
  • Use make istanbul to run tests with coverage with istanbul.
  • Create a pull request

Before release

Don't add README.md or jsverify.standalone.js into pull requests. They will be regenerated before each release.

  • run make dist

Release History

  • 0.3.2 funfn
  • 0.3.1 Documentation typo fixes
  • 0.3.0 Major changes
    • random generate state handling
    • --jsverifyRngState parameter value used when run on node
    • karma tests
    • use make
    • dependencies update
  • 0.2.0 Use browserify
  • 0.1.4 Mocha test suite
    • major cleanup
  • 0.1.3 gen.show and exception catching
  • 0.1.2 Added jsc.assert
  • 0.1.1 Use grunt-literate
  • 0.1.0 Usable library
  • 0.0.2 Documented preview
  • 0.0.1 Initial preview

JavaScript

Others

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Oleg Grenrus

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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