Read/write standard MIDI files.

npm install midifile
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MIDIFile Build Status

MIDIFile is a project intended to read/write standard MIDI files with JavaScript. MIDIFile is fully tested with the 3 existing MIDI formats.

MIDIFile can be used either in modern browsers (pick the last bundle) or with NodeJS by installing the following NPM module :

npm install midifile

What it does

  • Read MIDI files
  • Check MIDI file structure (using strictMode)
  • Write MIDI files (still experimental)

What it doesn't do

You can also find a Karaoke MIDI player based on MIDIFile and a very trivial MIDI player in the test folder.


// Your variable with a ArrayBuffer instance containing your MIDI file
var anyBuffer;

// Creating the MIDIFile instance
var midiFile= new MIDIFile(anyBuffer);

// Reading headers
midiFile.header.getFormat(); // 0, 1 or 2
midiFile.header.getTracksCount(); // n
// Time division
if(midiFile.header.getTimeDivision()===MIDIFileHeader.TICKS_PER_BEAT) {
} else {

// MIDI events retriever
var events=midiFile.getMidiEvents();
events[0].subtype; // type of [MIDI event](https://github.com/nfroidure/MIDIFile/blob/master/src/MIDIEvents.js#L34)
events[0].playTime; // time in ms at wich the event must be played
events[0].param1; // first parameter
events[0].param2; // second one

// Lyrics retriever
var lyrics=midiFile.getLyrics();
lyrics[0].playTime; // Time at wich the text must be displayed
lyrics[0].text; // The text content to be displayed

// Reading whole track events and filtering them yourself
var trackEventsChunk=midiFile.tracks[0].getTrackEvents(),
    events=new MIDIEvents.createParser(trackEventsChunk),
while(event=events.next()) {
    // Printing meta events containing text only
    if(event.type===MIDIEvents.EVENT_META&&event.text) {
        console.log('Text meta: '+event.text);


Unit tests are using mocha and NodeJS. Install them and run the following command :

mocha tests/*.mocha.js

Why ArrayBuffers ?

ArrayBuffer instances ar the best way to manage binary datas like MIDI files.


  • ArrayBuffer, DataView or their polyfills


  • Feel free to PR
  • If you find a MIDI File the library can't read an if it's under a free, PR the file in the sounds folder and add tests for him. I'll work on it asap.


Copyright Nicolas Froidure 2013. MIT licence.

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