Modella Mongo persistence layer

npm install modella-mongo
4 downloads in the last day
43 downloads in the last week
80 downloads in the last month


Build Status Coverage

Mongo plugin for modella. Thinly built on top of kissjs/node-mongoskin.


npm install modella-mongo


var model = require('modella');
    mongo = require('modella-mongo')('localhost/db');

var User = model('user')
  .attr('email', { unique: true })


 * Initialize

var user = new User;'matt'); {

Implemented Sync Layer Methods

By adding the plugin, modella 0.2.0 compliant sync layer methods are added. This enables instance#save() and instance#remove() to work with mongo.


By loading this plugin, model inherits:


Object pointing to the raw mongoskin database. Use it to manipulate the collection directly.

Model#index(attr, options)

Index an attribute in mongo.

  User.index('email', { unique : true });

Alternatively, you can specify unique: true when defining an attribute.

User.attr('username', {unique: true});

// Equivilent to...
User.index('username', {unique: true, sparse: true});

Model.all(query, [options], fn)

Queries for all users in the collection that match the given query. Additional options can be passed in (eg. {sort: {age: -1}}).

Calls fn(err, instances) where instances is an array of Model instances. If no documents match, instances will be empty.

  User.all({emailConfirmed: true}, {sort: {emailConfirmationDate: 1}}, function(err, users) {
    console.log("Users with confirmed emails: ");
    users.forEach(function(u) {

Model.find/get(query, [options], fn)

Queries for one user in the collection that match the given query. Additional options can be passed in (eg. {sort: {age: -1}}).

query can also be a string, in which case it will be converted to an ObjectId.

Calls fn(err, instance) where instance is an instance of Model. If no documents match, instance will be false.

  User.get == User.find // true

  User.find('528263fa996abeabbe000002', function(err, u) {

Calls fn(err, instances) where instances is an array of Model instances. If no queries match, instances will be false.

Model.removeAll(query, [options], fn)

Removes all records that match the given query.

Calls fn(err, count) where count is the number of records removed. If no queries match, instances will be false.

  User.removeAll({emailConfirmed: false}, function(err, count) {
    console.log("%d users were deleted", count);


Returns a wrapped instances of mquery. See mquery support below.


Returns a wrapped instances of maggregate. See maggregate support below.

mquery support

modella-mongo provides a wrapped version of the wonderful mquery query builder. To get it, simply call Model.query(). This allows you to build readable and robust queries easily. When approprirate, modella-mongo will return instances of modella models, instead of just documents. Aside from that, it follows the mquery API completely.

Example with mquery

  User.query().findOne().where({username: 'Bob'}).exec(function(err, u) {
    u.username() // => 'Bob'

maggregate support

modella-mongo uses the maggregate aggregation builder. To use it, simply call Model.aggregate().

This allows you to build readable aggregations easily. By default it wraps responses in Model instances, but can be disabled by passing skipWrap as true. It also follows the maggregate api completely.

Example with maggregate

var skipWrapping = true;
User.aggregate(skipWrapping).group({_id: '$location', locationCount: {$sum: 1}}, function(err, res) {
  res.forEach(function(loc) {
    console.log("In location %s there are %d users", loc._id, loc.locationCount);

A Note about connection usage

Each call to modella-mongo will open up a mongo connection, and return a function that can be used as a plugin for ANY Modella model.

As such it is recommended that you export the result of modella-mongo and then use that for all of your models.

Example using too many connections

var mongo = require('modella-mongo')('localhost/my-db');
var mongo = require('modella-mongo')('localhost/my-db');

In the above example both the User and Post model will open a connection to the mongo database.

Example of better way

var mongo = module.exports = require('modella-mongo')('localhost/my-db');
var configuredDb = require('../config/modella-db');
var configuredDb = require('../config/modella-db');

Here modella-db.js configures the mongo database, and then both models use it.



npm loves you