monge

An easy to use library for accessing and working with MongoDB.

npm install monge
38 downloads in the last week
78 downloads in the last month

Monge

An easy to use library for accessing and working with MongoDB.

Installation

npm install monge

Unit Tests

There is a full suite of unit tests included in the ./tests folder. They are designed to run via nodeunit and you can execute them via:

node ./tests/index.js

Please note that the tests require a MongoDB server running at "localhost" that has no access restrictions. A collection called "test" will be created and used during the unit test execution. A database called "mongeTest" is expected to exist on the server before any tests are run. Please create it if it does not already exist if you wish to run the tests.

Using the New Connection Manager

From version 1.1.0 there is a new connection manager that allows you to connect to multiple mongo instances and access them from code very easily.

Connecting to Multiple DB Instances With the Manager

// Require the manager and create a new instance of it
var monge = new (require('monge').MongeManager)();

// Connect to multipe databases and callback when all connections
// have been succesfully established - pass an array of connection objects!
monge.connect([{
    name: 'myMongeDb1', // This will be used as the accessor for the DB
    host: 'localhost',
    db: 'mongeTest'
}, {
    name: 'myMongeDb2', // This will be used as the accessor for the DB
    host: 'someServerIpOrDomain',
    db: 'someDbName'
}], function (err, db) {
    if (!err) {
        // Connected to ALL dbs successfully

        // Now let's run a query against the first connection
        monge.myMongeDb1.query(...);
    }
});

Querying Via the Manager

The manager exposes each database via an accessor that is named based on the "name" value you gave in the connection object. In the example above the names were "myMongeDb1" and "myMongeDb2". These are exposed under the manager instance like so:

monge.myMongeDb1.query(...);
monge.myMongeDb2.insert(...);

If you prefer not to use the manager you can continue to use existing Monge code before the manager existed with a small change to your require() call. To get an individual monge instance you used to do:

var monge = require('monge');

BUT you should now do:

var monge = new (require('monge').Monge)();

Connect to MongoDB Server

var monge = new (require('monge').Monge)();

/**
 * Connect to the database.
 * @param {Object} options The connection options object.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.connect({
    host: 'localhost',
    db: 'mongeTest'
}, function (err, db) {
    if (!err) {
        // Connected successfully
    }
});

More Connection Options

var monge = new (require('monge').Monge)();

/**
 * Connect to the database.
 * @param {Object} options The connection options object.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.connect({
    host: 'localhost',
    port: 27017,
    user: 'myUser',
    pass: 'myPass',
    db: 'mongeTest'
}, function (err, db) {
    if (!err) {
        // Connected successfully
    }
});

Inserting

/**
 * Inserts a new item into the database.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} obj The object to insert.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.insert('test', {'test': 0}, null, function (err, id) {
    if (!err) {
        // Insert successful, the inserted item ID is in "id" (Mongo Object ID)
    }
});

Updating

It is important to note that the Monge update() method does NOT overwrite one item with another like the default behaviour of MongoDB does. Instead it adds / updates existing items so if you search for:

{'field1': 'hello'}

And then you update it with:

{'field2': 'goodbye'}

The resulting item is:

{'field1': 'hello', 'field2': 'goodbye'}

Example:

/**
 * Updates an item by adding / updating the fields in the object "updateObj". This
 * DOES NOT overwrite one item with another, but rather augments the existing
 * item with the "updateObj" properties.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} searchObj The key/values to search for when finding items to update.
 * @param {Object} updateObj The key/values to add/update in the located items.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.update('test', {'test': 0}, {'test': 1}, null, function (err) {
    if (!err) {
        // Update successful
    }
});

Query for Multiple Items

/**
 * Returns all records matching the search object and returns them as an array.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} obj The key/value pairs to match items against.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.query('test', {'test': 1}, null, function (err, items) {
    if (!err) {
        // Do something with "items" (array)
    }
});

Query for a Single Item

/**
 * Returns a single item matching the search object.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} obj The key/value pairs to match items against.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.queryOne('test', {'test': 1}, null, function (err, item) {
    if (!err) {
        // Do something with "item" (object)
    }
});

Counting Items

/**
 * Returns the number of items that match the query.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} obj The key/value pairs to match items against.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.count('test', {'test': 1}, function (err, count) {
    if (!err) {
        // Do something with "count" (integer)
    }
});

Get Distinct Values

/**
 * Gets an array of distinct values for a key from the items that match the search.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {String} key The key that the distinct values should be returned from.
 * @param {Object} obj The key/value pairs to match items against.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.distinct('test', 'test', {}, null, function (err, values) {
    if (!err) {
        // Do something with "values" (array)
    }
});

Unset (Remove) A Key From An Item

/**
 * Removes an item's property / key. 
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} searchObj The key/values to search for when finding items to unset keys in.
 * @param {Object} unSetObj The keys to unset with a value of 1. E.g. to unset a key "name" you
 * would pass {"name": 1}.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.unset('test', {'_id': id}, {'name': 1}, null, function (err) {
    if (!err) {
        // Unset successful
    }
});

Push A Value To An Item's Array Key

/**
 * Pushes an item to an array field.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} searchObj The key/values to search for when finding items to push into.
 * @param {Object} updateObj The key of the array to push into and the values that should
 * be pushed into that array.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.push('test', {'_id': id}, {'values': 'hello'}, null, function (err) {
    if (!err) {
        // Push successful
    }
});

Pull A Value From An Item's Array Key

/**
 * Pulls an item from an array field.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} searchObj The key/values to search for when finding items to pull from.
 * @param {Object} updateObj The key of the array to pull from and the values that should
 * be pulled from that array.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.pull('test', {'_id': id}, {'values': 'hello'}, null, function (err) {
    if (!err) {
        // Pull successful
    }
});

Remove Item(s)

/**
 * Removes all rows that match the passed criteria.
 * @param {String} collection The collection to work with.
 * @param {Object} obj The key/value pairs to match items against.
 * @param {Object} options The options to pass to the database method when executing.
 * @param {Function} cb The callback method.
 */
monge.remove('test', {}, null, function (err) {
    if (!err) {
        // Remove successful
    }
});

Phone Home

This software is developed by Rob Evans (Irrelon Software Limited) and is part of the Isogenic Game Engine (http://www.isogenicengine.com). This open-source software is provided as is without any warranty or guarantee as is provided free of charge and free of restriction.

License

This software is licensed under the MIT license.

npm loves you