object-mapper

Copy properties from one object to another.

npm install object-mapper
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node-object-mapper

This module provides a way to copy properties from one object to another based on a separate object which defines how the properties should be mapped. That separate mapping object is a simple object like:

{
  "name" : "firstName"
  , "address" : "emailAddress"
}

You may specify properties deep within the source object to be copied to properties deep within the destination object by using dot notation in the mapping like:

{
  "name" : "user.authentication.name"
  , "account.salt" :  "user.authentication.salt"
}

Objects will be automatically created where they do not exist on the destination object.

You may also specify defaults and transforms in two different ways:

//with an object specifying key, transform and default
{
  "name" : { 
    key : "firstName"
    , transform : function (value, objFrom, objTo) {
      /*
       * Value returned from `transform` will override `objTo.firstName` only
       * if it's is not `undefined`, otherwise `default` will be tried.
       */
      return typeof value === 'string' ? value : undefined;
    }
    , default : function (objFrom, objTo) {
      /*
       * Value returned from `default` will override `objTo.firstName` only
       * if it's not `undefined` and `objFrom.name` is `undefined`, otherwise
       * `objTo.firstName` will remain unchanged.
       */
      return objFrom.county === "US" ? "John" : undefined;
    }
  , "address" : "emailAddress"
}

//or with an array like [key, transform, default]
{
  "name" : { 
    key : ["firstName", function (value, objFrom, objTo) {
      return "this returned value will always over ride objTo.firstName";
    }, function (objFrom, objTo) {
      return "this returned value will only over-ride objTo.firstName if objFrom.name is null or undefined";
    }]
  , "address" : "emailAddress"
}

methods

.merge(sourceObject, destinationObject, mapObject);

Copy properties from sourceObject to destinationObject by following the mapping defined by mapObject

  • sourceObject is the object FROM which properties will be copied.
  • destinationObject is the object TO which properties will be copied.
  • mapObject is the object which defines how properties are copied from sourceObject to destinationObject

.getKeyValue(obj, key);

Get the key value within obj, going deep within the object if necessary. This method is used internally but is exposed because it may be of use elsewhere with other projects.

  • obj is the object from which you would like to get a property/key value.
  • key is the name of the property/key you would like to retrieve.

.setKeyValue(obj, key, value);

Set the key value within obj, going deep within the object if necessary.This method is used internally but is exposed because it may be of use elsewhere with other projects.

  • obj is the object within which the property/key will be set.
  • key is the name of the property/key which will be set.
  • value is the value of the property/key.

example

merge = require('object-mapper').merge;

var obj = {
  "sku" : "12345"
  , "upc" : "99999912345X"
  , "title" : "Test Item"
  , "description" : "Description of test item"
  , "length" : 5
  , "width" : 2
  , "height" : 8
  , "inventory" : {
    "onHandQty" : 12
  }
};

var map = {
  "sku" : "Envelope.Request.Item.SKU"
  , "upc" : "Envelope.Request.Item.UPC"
  , "title" : "Envelope.Request.Item.ShortTitle"
  , "description" : "Envelope.Request.Item.ShortDescription"
  , "length" : "Envelope.Request.Item.Dimensions.Length"
  , "width" : "Envelope.Request.Item.Dimensions.Width"
  , "height" : "Envelope.Request.Item.Dimensions.Height"
  , "inventory.onHandQty" : "Envelope.Request.Item.Inventory"
};

var result = merge(obj, {}, map);

/*
{ 
  Envelope: { 
    Request: { 
      Item: { 
        SKU: "12345",
        UPC: "99999912345X",
        ShortTitle: "Test Item",
        ShortDescription: "Description of test item",
        Dimensions: { 
          Length: 5, 
          Width: 2, 
          Height: 8 
        },
        Inventory: 12 
      } 
    } 
  } 
};
*/

use case

I use node-object-mapper's merge() method to map values from records returned from a database into horribly complex objects that will be eventually turned in to XML.

license

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2012 Daniel L. VerWeire

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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