statsd-librato-backend

A StatsD backend for Librato Metrics

npm install statsd-librato-backend
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StatsD Librato Metrics backend

Overview

This is a pluggable backend for StatsD, which publishes stats to Librato Metrics.

Requirements

Installation

$ cd /path/to/statsd
$ npm install statsd-librato-backend

Configuration

You have to add the following basic configuration information to your StatsD config file.

{
  librato: {
    email:  "myemail@example.com",
    token:  "ca98e2bc23b1bfd0cbe9041e824f610491129bb952d52ca4ac22cf3eab5a1c32",
    source: "unique-per-statsd-instance"
  }
}

The email and token settings can be found on your Librato account settings page. The source is an optional-but-recommended string to use as a source for all measurements from this statsd instance. This should be unique for each statsd process. If unset, the source will default to the node's hostname.

Enabling

Add the statsd-librato-backend backend to the list of StatsD backends in the StatsD configuration file:

{
  backends: ["statsd-librato-backend"]
}

Start/restart the statsd daemon and your StatsD metrics should now be pushed to your Librato Metrics account.

Additional configuration options

The Librato backend also supports the following optional configuration options under the top-level librato hash:

  • sourceRegex: An optional JavaScript regular expression to extract

               the source name from the measurement name. The first
               capturing group of the regex is used as the source name,
               and everything not matched will be the measurement name.
    
               Examples formats:
    
               "SOURCE.MEASURE" => /^([^\.]+)\./
               "MEASURE.SOURCE" => /\.([^\.]+)$/
               "server.SOURCE.MEASURE" => /^server\.([^\.]+)\./
    
  • snapTime: Measurement timestamps are snapped to this interval

            (specified in seconds). This makes it easier to align
            measurements sent from multiple statsd instances on a
            single graph. Default is to use the flush interval time.
    
  • countersAsGauges: A boolean that controls whether StatsD counters

                    are sent to Librato as gauge values (default) or
                    as counters. When set to true (default), the
                    backend will send the aggregate value of all
                    increment/decrement operations during a flush
                    period as a gauge measurement to Librato.
    
                    When set to false, the backend will track the
                    running value of all counters and submit the
                    current absolute value to Librato as a
                    counter. This will require some additional
                    memory overhead and processing time to track the
                    running value of all counters.
    
  • skipInternalMetrics: Boolean of whether to skip publishing of

                       internal statsd metrics. This includes all
                       metrics beginning with 'statsd.' and the
                       metric numStats. Defaults to true, implying
                       they are not sent.
    
  • retryDelaySecs: How long to wait before retrying a failed

                  request, in seconds.
    
  • postTimeoutSecs: Max time for POST requests to Librato, in

                   seconds.
    

Reducing published data for inactive stats

By default StatsD will push a zero value for any counter that does not receive an update during a flush interval. Similarly, it will continue to push the last seen value of any gauge that hasn't received an update during the flush interval. This is required for some backend systems that can not handle sporadic metric reports and therefore require a fixed frequency of incoming metrics. However, it requires StatsD to track all known gauges and counters and means that published payloads are inflated with zero-fill data.

Librato can handle sporadic metric publishing at non-fixed frequencies. Any "zero filling" of graphs is handled at display time on the frontend. Therefore, when using the Librato backend it is beneficial for bandwidth and measurement-pricing costs to reduce the amount of data sent to Librato. In the StatsD configuration file it is recommended that you enable the following top-level configuration directive to reduce the amount of zero-fill data StatsD sends:

{
   deleteIdleStats: true
}

You can configure your metric in Librato to display the gaps between sporadic reports in a variety of ways. Visit the knowledge base article to see how to change the display attributes.

Setting the source per-metric

All metrics sent by the statsd server will use the source name configured in the global configuration file. You can also set a source name on a per-stat basis by leveraging the sourceRegex configuration option. The statsd protocol only supports a single name string per stat, so to specify a source name you have to include it in the stat name. The sourceRegex option sets a regular expression filter that splits the source and metric names from the single statsd stat name.

For example, to prefix your stat name with a source name separated by a period, you would use the sourceRegex:

{
  sourceRegex: /^([^\.]+)\./
}

Sending a stat name of web-prod-23.api-requests.2xx would use a metric name of api-requests.2xx and a source name of web-prod-23.

Unfortunately, the set of characters that you can use to delimit source from metric is limited to: [a-zA-Z_\-0-9\.]. The statsd daemon will substitute any characters not in that set before passing the stat to the Librato backend.

Publishing to Graphite and Librato Metrics simultaneously

You can push metrics to Graphite and Librato Metrics simultaneously as you evaluate Librato. Just include both backends in the backends variable:

{
  backends: [ "./backends/graphite", "statsd-librato-backend" ],
  ...
}

See the statsd manpage for more information.

Using Proxy

If you want to use statsd-librato-backend througth a proxy you should install tunnel module:

    $npm install tunnel

After that you should add the proxy config to the StatsD config file in the librato configuration section:

{
  "librato" : {
    "proxy" : {
      "uri" : "http://127.0.0.01:8080"
    }
  }
}

That configuration will proxy requests via a proxy listening on localhost on port 8080. You can also use an https proxy by setting the protocol to https in the URI.

NPM Dependencies

None

Upgrading from versions prior to 0.1.0

If you are upgrading from the statsd-librato-backend before version 0.1.0, the default representation for counter metrics has changed. Starting with 0.1.0, statsd counters are now represented as Librato gauges by default. If you were using the default configuration prior to 0.1.0, then you may run into conflicts when you try to push statsd counter metrics to Librato as gauges. To fix this, you have two options:

1) Keep the prior behavior of sending statsd counters as Librato counters. Just set the countersAsGauges configuration variable to false in your statsd config.

2) After upgrading to 0.1.0, remove all counter metrics that were published by statsd. You can use the API pattern DELETE route to mass delete metrics. To delete only counter metrics, add the parameter metric_type=counter.

Development

If you want to contribute:

  1. Clone your fork
  2. Hack away
  3. If you are adding new functionality, document it in the README
  4. Push the branch up to GitHub
  5. Send a pull request
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