terror

Base error class which will help you grep logs more effectively

npm install terror
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Terror Build Status

Base error class which will help you organize errors, generate informative logs and as result grep logs more effectively.

Trivial usage

var Terror = require('terror'),

    // declare error type with custom error codes and messages
    MyError = Terror.create('MyError', {
        STRANGE_THING_HAPPENS: [ 2001, 'Something strange happens' ]
    });

try {
    // ...

    if (typeof userInput === 'undefined') {
        // throw error
        throw MyError.createError(MyError.CODES.STRANGE_THING_HAPPENS);
        // or
        // throw new MyError(MyError.CODES.STRANGE_THING_HAPPENS);
    }
} catch (err) {
    // ensureError method returns err if it is an instance of Terror,
    // otherwise wrap Error instance in the Terror with default code UNKNOWN_ERROR
    MyError.ensureError(err)
        .log();
}

Constructor

new Terror(code, message);
new Terror(code);
new Terror();
new Terror(null, message);

Also can be called as a function, then calls self as the constructor internally and returns created instance.

Both arguments are not required:

  • if only code passed, message will got from Terror.MESSAGES hash by the code value as the key;
  • if code is absent, will be used default value Terror.CODES.UNKNOWN_ERROR.

Constructor methods

create(name, constructor, codes)

Returns constructor inherited from Terror or it's inheritor. You must specify name for logging purpose.

Arguments:

  • {String} name – Error Class name for logging;
  • {Function} [constructor] – don't forget to call <YouErrorClass>.__super.apply(this, arguments).
  • {Object} [codes] - CODES hash { CODE_NAME: [ 2001, 'error message' ], … }

Example:

var AppError = Terror.create('AppError'),
    ControllerError = AppError.create('ControllerError', function(controller) {
        ControllerError.__super.apply(this, Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1));
        this.controller = controller;
    }, {
        IO_ERROR: [ 2001, 'Broken IO' ],
        FS_ERROR: [ 2002, 'Broken %fsName% file-system' ]
    });

extendCodes(codes)

Extends CODES and associated MESSAGES hashes using codes declaration. Method throws an error if codes uniqueness violated by extension.

Example:

var AppError = Terror
        .create('AppError')
        .extendCodes({
                BROKEN_CONFIG: [ 2001, 'Looks like configuration file is broken.' ],
                DB_CONNECTION_FAILED: [ 2002, 'Can not connect to database %db_host%' ]
        });

// now you can use AppError.CODES.BROKEN_CONFIG & AppError.CODES.DB_CONNECTION_FAILED to produce errors
AppError.createError(AppError.CODES.BROKEN_CONFIG);

Previous example produces following CODES, MESSAGES and CODE_NAMES structures:

AppError.CODES = {
    UNKNOWN_ERROR: 101,
    BROKEN_CONFIG: 2001,
    DB_CONNECTION_FAILED: 2002
}

AppError.MESSAGES = {
    101: 'Unknown error',
    2001: 'Looks like configuration file is broken.',
    2002: 'Can not connect to database %db_host%'
}

AppError.CODE_NAMES = {
    101: 'UNKNOWN_ERROR',
    2001: 'BROKEN_CONFIG',
    2002: 'DB_CONNECTION_FAILED'
}

Where error 101 inherited from the Terror.

setLogger(logger)

Set function which error class and its inheritors will use for logging. It called by log method with two arguments: message and level.

Example:

var log = [],
    logger = function(message, level) {
        log.push([ new Date(), level, message ].join());
    },
    MyError = Terror.create('MyError').setLogger(logger);

MyError.createError().log();

console.log(log.join('\n'));

createError(code, message | originalError | data)

Creates new Terror or its inheritor instance.

Arguments:

  • {Number} [code] – error code from CODES hash, Terror.CODES.UNKNOWN_ERROR used as default value;
  • {String|Error|Terror|Object} [message|originalError|data] if 2nd argument is String then use it as original error message; if 2nd argument is Error then use its message and call-stack to format original message; ** if 2nd argument is an Object then replace error message placeholders with provided data.

Example:

var MyError = Terror.create('MyError', {
        IO_ERROR: [ 2001, 'Broken IO' ],
        FS_ERROR: [ 2002, 'Broken %fsName% file-system' ]
    });

// valid createError calls

// "101 Terror: Unknown error"
Terror.createError();

// same as above
Terror.createError(Terror.CODES.UNKNOWN_ERROR);

// "101 MyError: Unknown error"
MyError.createError();

// "2001 MyError: Broken IO"
MyError.createError(MyError.CODES.IO_ERROR);

// "2001 MyError: Broken IO (Error: kbd int broken)"
MyError.createError(MyError.CODES.IO_ERROR, new Error('kbd int broken'));

// "2002 MyError: Broken vfat file-system"
MyError.createError(MyError.CODES.FS_ERROR, { fsName: 'vfat' });

// fails, because Terror.MESSAGES[2001] is undefined
Terror.createError(MyError.CODES.IO_ERROR);

ensureError(originalError, code)

Returns originalError if it's an instance of Terror. Otherwise wrap originalError into new Terror instance using code or UNKNOWN_ERROR code if second argument is absent.

Example:

var MyError = Terror.create('MyError', {
        EMPTY_MESSAGE: [ 1000, 'Message string is empty' ],
        UNEXPECTED_ERROR: [ 1999, 'Unexpected error' ]
    }),
    arr = [ { msg: "hello" }, { msg: "" }, {} ];

arr.forEach(function(item) {
    try {
        if (item.msg.length > 0) {
            console.log(item.msg);
        } else {
            throw MyError.createError(MyError.CODES.EMPTY_MESSAGE);
        }
    } catch (err) {
        throw MyError.ensureError(err, MyError.CODES.UNEXPECTED_ERROR)
            .log();
    }
})

Constructor fields

CODES and MESSAGES

Hashes contains error names to codes and codes to messages mappings. Proposed to generate them by extendCodes method call, but if you want to override inherited code, you can do it manually using those hashes.

Example:

var MyError = Terror.create('MyError');

// following call leads to error, because UNKNOWN_ERROR name already exist – it's inherited from Terror
MyError.extendCodes({
    UNKNOWN_ERROR: [ 2001, 'Unbelievable!' ]
});

// it's fine
MyError.CODES.UNKNOWN_ERROR = 2001;
MyError.CODE_NAMES['2001'] = 'UNKNOWN_ERROR';
MyError.MESSAGES['2001'] = 'Unbelievable!';

Also you can simply reset inherited codes:

// @see http://npm.im/extend
MyError.CODES = extend({}, Terror.CODES);
MyError.MESSAGES = extend({}, Terror.MESSAGES);
MyError.CODE_NAMES = extend({}, Terror.CODE_NAMES);

DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL

Log level, which log method use as default value if the level argument isn't passed.

It equals "ERROR" by default.

Prototype methods

log(level)

Log error with specified level. If method called twice or more for the same instance, logger will be called by first log call only.

Arguments:

  • {*} [level=constructor.DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL] – any type accepted by logger.

Example:

var Terror = require('terror'),
    terr;

Terror.DEFAULT_LOG_LEVEL = 'INFO';

try {
    console.lag("hello!");
} catch (err) {
    terr = Terror.ensureError(err);
    terr.log()
        .log('warn')
        .log('error');
}

terr will be logged once with 'INFO' error level.

bind(data)

Fill an error message with values from data object properties.

Arguments:

  • {Object} data – hash, where key is a placeholder name to be replaced, value – a data to replace with.

Example:

var IOError = Terror.create('MyError', {
        IO_ERROR: [ 2001, 'Broken IO pipe "%pipe%"' ]
    });

IOError.createError(IOError.CODES.IO_ERROR)
    .bind({ pipe: 'main bus' })
    .log('PANIC');
// or
IOError.createError(IOError.CODES.IO_ERROR, { pipe: 'main bus' })
    .log('PANIC');

Internal, but useful prototype methods

Following methods used by built-in logger routine, but may be useful for any simple text logger.

logMultilineError(message, level, logger)

Formats error message and calls logger(formattedMessage).

Formatting is optimized for output call-stacks to the text files and future grep through.

Format:

YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS LEVEL CODE CLASS: MESSAGE
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS >>>>>   CALL STACK ROW 1
…
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS >>>>>   CALL STACK ROW N

Example:

2013-04-15 12:50:57 ERROR 100 Terror: Unknown error (TypeError: Object #<Console> has no method 'lag')
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>> TypeError: Object #<Console> has no method 'lag'
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at repl:2:9
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at REPLServer.self.eval (repl.js:110:21)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at repl.js:249:20
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at REPLServer.self.eval (repl.js:122:7)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at Interface.<anonymous> (repl.js:239:12)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at Interface.EventEmitter.emit (events.js:95:17)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at Interface._onLine (readline.js:202:10)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at Interface._line (readline.js:531:8)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at Interface._ttyWrite (readline.js:754:14)
2013-04-15 12:50:57 >>>>>     at ReadStream.onkeypress (readline.js:99:10)

formatErrorTimestamp(date)

Method is internally used by the logMultilineError to create log line timestamp formatted as YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.

Arguments:

  • {Date} date – oh, assumed it's really Date instance always, no casting, no magic.
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