urllib

Help in opening URLs (mostly HTTP) in a complex world — basic and digest authentication, redirections, cookies and more.

npm install urllib
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urllib Build Status

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Help in opening URLs (mostly HTTP) in a complex world — basic and digest authentication, redirections, cookies, timeout and more.

If you are using co or koa, please take a look at co-urllib.

Install

$ npm install urllib

Usage

var urllib = require('urllib');

urllib.request('http://cnodejs.org/', { wd: 'nodejs' }, function (err, data, res) {
  if (err) {
    throw err; // you need to handle error
  }
  console.log(res.statusCode);
  console.log(res.headers);
  // data is Buffer instance
  console.log(data.toString());
});

API Doc

Method: http.request(url[, options][, callback])

Arguments

  • url String | Object - The URL to request, either a String or a Object that return by url.parse.
  • options Object - Optional
    • method String - Request method, defaults to GET. Could be GET, POST, DELETE or PUT. Alias 'type'.
    • data Object - Data to be sent. Will be stringify automatically.
    • content String | Buffer - Manually set the content of payload. If set, data will be ignored.
    • stream stream.Readable - Stream to be pipe to the remote. If set, data and content will be ignored.
    • writeStream stream.Writable - A writable stream to be piped by the response stream. Responding data will be write to this stream and callback will be called with data set null after finished writing.
    • dataType String - Type of response data. Could be text or json. If it's text, the callbacked data would be a Buffer. If it's json, the data of callback would be a parsed JSON Object. Defaults to text.
    • headers Object - Request headers.
    • timeout Number - Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to exports.TIMEOUT. Include remote server connecting timeout and response timeout. When timeout happen, will return ConnectionTimeout or ResponseTimeout.
    • auth String - username:password used in HTTP Basic Authorization.
    • digestAuth String - username:password used in HTTP Digest Authorization.
    • agent http.Agent - HTTP Agent object. Set false if you does not use agent.
    • httpsAgent https.Agent - HTTPS Agent object. Set false if you does not use agent.
    • ca String | Buffer | Array - An array of strings or Buffers of trusted certificates. If this is omitted several well known "root" CAs will be used, like VeriSign. These are used to authorize connections. Notes: This is necessary only if the server uses the self-signed certificate
    • rejectUnauthorized Boolean - If true, the server certificate is verified against the list of supplied CAs. An 'error' event is emitted if verification fails. Default: true.
    • pfx String | Buffer - A string or Buffer containing the private key, certificate and CA certs of the server in PFX or PKCS12 format.
    • key String | Buffer - A string or Buffer containing the private key of the client in PEM format. Notes: This is necessary only if using the client certificate authentication
    • cert String | Buffer - A string or Buffer containing the certificate key of the client in PEM format. Notes: This is necessary only if using the client certificate authentication
    • passphrase String - A string of passphrase for the private key or pfx.
    • followRedirect Boolean - follow HTTP 3xx responses as redirects. defaults to false.
    • maxRedirects Number - The maximum number of redirects to follow, defaults to 10.
    • beforeRequest Function - Before request hook, you can change every thing here.
    • gzip Boolean - Accept gzip response content and auto decode it, default is false.
  • callback(err, data, res) Function - Optional callback.
    • err Error - Would be null if no error accured.
    • data Buffer | Object - The data responsed. Would be a Buffer if dataType is set to text or an JSON parsed into Object if it's set to json.
    • res http.IncomingMessage - The response.

Returns

http.ClientRequest - The request.

Calling .abort() method of the request stream can cancel the request.

Options: options.data

When making a request:

urllib.request('http://example.com', {
  method: 'GET',
  data: {
    'a': 'hello',
    'b': 'world'
  }
});

For GET request, data will be stringify to query string, e.g. http://example.com/?a=hello&b=world.

For others like POST, PATCH or PUT request, in defaults, the data will be stringify into application/x-www-form-urlencoded format if Content-Type header is not set.

If Content-type is application/json, the data will be JSON.stringify to JSON data format.

Options: options.content

options.content is useful when you wish to construct the request body by yourself, for example making a Content-Type: application/json request.

Notes that if you want to send a JSON body, you should stringify it yourself:

urllib.request('http://example.com', {
  method: 'POST',
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/json'
  },
  content: JSON.stringify({
    a: 'hello',
    b: 'world'
  })
});

It would make a HTTP request like:

POST / HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "a": "hello",
  "b": "world"
}

This exmaple can use options.data with application/json content type:

urllib.request('http://example.com', {
  method: 'POST',
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/json'
  },
  data: {
    a: 'hello',
    b: 'world'
  }
});

Options: options.stream

Uploads a file with formstream:

var urllib = require('urllib');
var formstream = require('formstream');

var form = formstream();
form.file('file', __filename);
form.field('hello', '你好urllib');

var req = urllib.request('http://my.server.com/upload', {
  method: 'POST',
  headers: form.headers(),
  stream: form
}, function (err, data, res) {
  // upload finished
});

Response: res.aborted

If the underlaying connection was terminated before response.end() was called, res.aborted should be true, and return RemoteSocketClosedError error.

var server = require('http').createServer(function (req, res) {
  req.resume();
  req.on('end', function () {
    res.write('foo haha\n');
    setTimeout(function () {
      res.write('foo haha 2');
      setTimeout(function () {
        res.socket.end();
      }, 300);
    }, 200);
    return;
  });
});

urllib.request('http://127.0.0.1:1984/socket.end', function (err, data, res) {
  err.name.should.equal('RemoteSocketClosedError');
  err.message.should.equal('Remote socket was terminated before `response.end()` was called');
  data.toString().should.equal('foo haha\nfoo haha 2');
  should.ok(res.aborted);
  done();
});

TODO

  • [ ] Support component
  • [ ] Browser env use Ajax
  • [√] Upload file like form upload
  • [√] Auto redirect handle
  • [√] https & self-signed certificate
  • [√] Connection timeout & Response timeout
  • [√] Support Accept-Encoding=gzip by options.gzip = true
  • [√] Support Digest access authentication

Authors

Below is the output from git-summary.

$ git summary

 project  : urllib
 repo age : 2 years, 10 months
 active   : 48 days
 commits  : 139
 files    : 20
 authors  :
   116    fengmk2                 83.5%
     9    XiNGRZ                  6.5%
     6    ibigbug                 4.3%
     4    Jackson Tian            2.9%
     2    dead_horse              1.4%
     1    coderhaoxin             0.7%
     1    aleafs                  0.7%

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2011-2014 fengmk2 <fengmk2@gmail.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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