Javascript encoder/decoder for WAP Binary XML Content Format. See www.w3.org/TR/wbxml for spec.

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Javascript encoder/decoder for WAP Binary XML Content Format.


WAP Binary XML (WBXML) is a binary representation of XML. WBXML is used as a compact transmission format for mobile clients, which typically have little memory and bandwidth. The specification for WBXML is maintained by W3C.

This module can both encode and decode a wbxml Stream.


Install using npm. wbxml's only dependency is readable-stream. This is just for node 0.8.x support - it will probably be removed at some point.

   [sudo] npm install wbxml

Now just include in your project

   var wbxml = require('wbxml')

Currently there are two objects

  • Decoder: Encodes objects as WBXML string.
  • Encoder: Decodes input string to Javascript object.

Say you have some XML that looks like this:

    <place>San Francisco</place>

Say you wanted to encode the XML as WBXML. First, you will need to define the codepages - for example:

var codepages = [
  // Code Page 0: people
    0x01: 'person'
  // Code Page 1: person
    0x01: 'name',
    0x02: 'place',

codepages is an Array of objects. The indexes define the codepage, then the properties of each object define the token.

Second, you will need to define the namespaces that go with the codepage. This is simply an Array of strings in the same order as the code pages they represent.

var namespaces = [
  // Code Page 0: people
  // Code Page 1: person

Now you can create an object to represent your xml (xml is not directly supported yet as either an input or output). Javascript objects don't support multiple properties with the same name. So since our element can contain multiple elements, we use an array for those. This is a bit tricky - you have to remember that all the objects in the person array are implicitly person objects. The object we need to create looks like this:

var people = {
  person: [
      name: 'Andrew'
      name: 'Jenni',
      place: 'San Francisco'

Now you can do this:

// Both codepages and namespaces are required
var encoder = new wbxml.Encoder ({ codepages: codepages, namespaces: namespaces });
var result = encoder.read();

// No namespaces for the decoder
var decoder = new wbxml.Decoder ({ codepages: codepages });
result = decoder.read()
// result now same as people


The codepage must be provided as an array of objects. The index of each object determines the codepage number. Each object contains key-value where key is an octal tag id and value is a string.


This is a first pass and only implements:

  • WBXML tokens to encode XML tags
  • WBXML code pages to support multiple XML namespaces
  • Inline strings
  • Opaque data

The following features are not yet implemented:

In addition, the following things

  • Decoder: Needs options to always return namespace-prefixed property names
  • Encoder: Ignore properties that don't belong
  • Combine codepages and namespaces into a single input
  • Streaming xml into the encoder
  • Streaming xml from the decoder (i.e. with events)
  • More tests
  • There are a few code TODOs and opportunities for performance improvements


https://libwbxml.opensync.org/ http://kxml.sourceforge.net/

Author: Andrew Dalgleish

License: BSD

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