anydb-sql

Minimal ORM for mysql, postgresql and sqlite with complete arbitrary SQL query support (based on brianc's query builder sql)

npm install anydb-sql
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anydb-sql

Minimal ORM for mysql, postgresql and sqlite with complete arbitrary SQL query support.

Based on the node-sql query builder and node-anydb connection pool

examples and usage:

initialization

Initializing an instance also creates a connection pool. The url argument is the same as in node-anydb

var anydbsql = require('anydb-sql');

var db = anydbsql({
    url: 'postgres://user:pass@host:port/database',
    connections: { min: 2, max: 20 }
});

table definition

Defining a table is the same as in node-sql:

var user = db.define({
    name: 'users',
    columns: {
        id: {primaryKey: true},
        email: {},
        password: {}
    }
});

relationships

You can also add properties to the table that are based on relationships between tables by adding a has property

var user = db.define({
    name: 'users',
    columns: { ... }
    has: {
        posts: {from: 'posts', many: true},
        group: {from: 'groups'}
    }
});
// user.posts is now a "subtable"

Read about joins and subobjects to see how you can use subtables with selectDeep

extra query methods

Queries have all the methods as in node-sql, plus the additional methods:

  • exec(function(err, rows)) - executes the query and calls the callback with an array of rows
  • all - same as exec
  • get(function(err, row)) - executes the query and returns the first result
  • execWithin(transaction, function(err, rows)) - execute within a transaction
  • allWithin(tx, cb), getWithin(tx, cb) - all/get within a transaction.
  • selectDeep(args) - deeply select join results (with grouping). Arguments can be fields, tables or subtables (created with relationships). More info in the section joins and subobjects below.

If you omit the callback from a querying method, a promise will be returned instead.

Use regular node-sql queries then chain one of the querying methods at the end:

user.where({email: email}).get(function(err, user) {
  // user.name,
});

joins and subobjects

Join queries can be constructed using node-sql. The format of the results is the same as with anydb

user.select(user.name, post.content)
  .from(user.join(post).on(user.id.equals(post.userId)))
  .where(post.date.gt(yesterday))
  .all(function(err, userposts) {
    // res[0].name and res[0].content
  });

When creating join queries, you can generate sub-objects in the result by using selectDeep

user.from(user.join(post).on(user.id.equals(post.userId)))
  .where(post.date.gt(yesterday))
  .selectDeep(user.name, post.content)
  .all(function(err, res) {
    // res[0].user.name and res[0].post.content
  });

With selectDeep you can also utilize has relationships to get full-blown result structures:

user.from(user.join(user.posts).on(user.id.equals(user.posts.userId)))
  .where(user.posts.date.gt(yesterday))
  .selectDeep(user.id, user.name, user.posts)
  .all(function(err, res) {
    // res[0] is
    // { id: id, name: name, posts: [postObj, postObj, ...] }
  });

selectDeep can accept tables, their fields, their has relationships, relationship fields, relationships' relationships etc (recursively)

user.from(user.join(user.posts).on(
        user.id.equals(user.posts.userId))
    .join(user.posts.comments).on(
        user.posts.id.equals(user.posts.comments.postId))
    .selectDeep(user.id, user.name, user.posts.id, user.posts.content,
        user.posts.comments).all(function(err, res) {
            // res[0] is
            // {id: id, name: name: posts: [
            //     {id: pid, content: content, comments: [commentObj, ...]},
            //     {id: pid, content: content, comments: [commentObj, ...]},
            //     ...
            // ]}

        });

transactions

To create a transaction and execute queries within it, use db.begin()

Execute constructed queries within that transaction using execWithin, getWithin or allWithin

var tx = db.begin()
user.insert({name: 'blah'}).returning(user.id).execWithin(tx);
user.insert({name: 'bleh'}).returning(user.id).execWithin(tx);
user.where({name: 'blah').getWithin(tx, function(err, res) {
    // the user is there!
});
tx.commit();

When using promises, you can also use the safer API:

db.transaction(function(tx) { ... })

and you will get autocommit / autorollback depending on whether the promise returned within the passed function is fulfilled or rejected.

Transactions have the same API as anydb tranactions, but they're extended with the following methods:

tx.savepoint()

Transactions support savepoints

var sp = tx.savepoint();
sp.release();
sp.restore();

tx.logQueries([enable])

Will cause the queries executed within the transaction to be logged. This method should be useful for debugging purposes. The parameter is a boolean.

query building syntax

For more info on how to build queries, look at the node-sql test samples and their corresponding SQL

db.close

You can close the connection pool using db.close

db.close();

db.query

To execute custom queries, use db.query

db.query(...anydb arguments...)

licence

MIT

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