gaia-filter

Array filtering inspired by MongoDB's query language.

npm install gaia-filter
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gaia-filter Build Status

Array filtering inspired by MongoDB's query language.

Installation

Node.js

gaia-filter is available on npm.

$ npm install gaia-filter

Component

gaia-filter is available as a component.

$ component install qualiancy/gaia-filter

Usage

filter (query)

  • @param {Object} query
  • @return {filter}

The primary export is a function that will memoize a query so that it can be used to filter many arrays. Furthermore, there are several methods to adjust the output of the result set.

The filter query language is similiar MongoDB's query language in that it allows for nested statements, deep object property detection, and conditionals such as $and, $or, and $nor.

var filter = require('gaia-filter');

var dataComplex = [
    { a: { b: 100 }
    , c: 'testC'
    , d:
      [ { e: 'world' } ]
   }
 , { a: { b: 50 }
   , c: 'testC'
   , d:
     [ { e: 'universe' }
     , { e: 'galaxy' } ]
   }
];

var query1 = filter({ 'a.b': { $and: [ { $gt: 75 }, { $lt: 125 } ] }});
  , query2 = filter({ 'a.b': { $gt: 25, $lt: 75 }, 'd[0].e': { $eq: 'universe' } });

var res1 = query1.subset(dataComplex)  // result array will have the first item
  , res2 = query1.subset(dataComplex); // result array will have the second item

Filter allows for some flexibility when composing queries by making assumptions based on sane defaults.

When a comparator is omitted when comparing a value, it assumes $eq.

// the following are the same.
filter({ hello: { $eq: 'universe' } });
filter({ hello: 'universe' });

When multiple statements are listed, it assumes $and.

// the following are the same.
filter({ $and: [ { hello: { $gt: 42 } }, { hello: { $lt: 84 } } ] });
filter({ hello: { $and: [ { $gt: 42 }, { $lt: 84 } ] } });
filter({ hello: { $gt: 42, $lt: 84 } });

.test (data)

  • @param {Mixed} data
  • @return {Boolean} result

Test a single data point against the query. Will return a boolean indicating whether data passes query criteria.

var query = filter({ hello: { $eq: 'universe' }})
  , pass = query.test({ hello: 'universe' });

pass.should.be.true;

.subset (data)

  • @param {Array} data
  • @return {Array} result

Test an array of data points against the query. Will return an array of all data points that pass the query criteria.

var query = { $or : [ { 'hello': true }, { 'universe': true } ] }
  , q = filter(query)
  , result = q.subset([
      { hello: true }
    , { universe: false }
    , { hello: false, universe: true }
    , { hello: false, universe: false }
  ]);

result.should
  .be.an('array')
  .and.have.length(2)
  .and.deep.equal([
      { hello: true }
    , { hello: false, universe: true }
  ]);

.pass (data)

  • @param {Array} data
  • @return {Array} result

Test an array of data points against the query. Will return an array of boolean in the order of the original array that indicate if the data at that index passed the query criteria.

var query = { $or : [ { 'hello': true }, { 'universe': true } ] }
  , q = filter(query)
  , result = q.pass([
        { hello: true }
      , { universe: false }
      , { hello: false, universe: true }
      , { hello: false, universe: false }
    ]);

result.should
  .be.an('array')
  .and.have.length(4)
  .and.deep.equal([
      true
    , false
    , true
    , false
  ]);

.index (data)

  • @param {Array} data
  • @return {Array} result

Test an array of data points against the query. Will return an array of numbers indicating the indexes of the original array that passed the query criteria.

var query = { $or : [ { 'hello': true }, { 'universe': true } ] }
  , q = filter(query)
  , result = q.index([
        { hello: true }
      , { universe: false }
      , { hello: false, universe: true }
      , { hello: false, universe: false }
    ]);

result.should
  .be.an('array')
  .and.have.length(2)
  .and.deep.equal([ 0, 2 ]);

.comparators

The following are the comparators implemented for use as part of a query. They can also be used for simple comparation, such as filter.comparators.$eq(2,2), which would return true.

$gt (a, b)
  • @param {Number} a
  • @param {Number} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is greater than b.

$gte (a, b)
  • @param {Number} a
  • @param {Number} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is greater than or equal to b.

$lt (a, b)
  • @param {Number} a
  • @param {Number} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is less than b.

$lte (a, b)
  • @param {Number} a
  • @param {Number} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is less than or equal to b.

$all (a, b)
  • @param {Array} a
  • @param {Array} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a contains at least all items in b.

$exists (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Boolean} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert truthiness of a equals b.

$mod (a, b)
  • @param {Number} a
  • @param {Array} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a mod (%) b[0] equals b[1].

$eq (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Mixed} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a equals (===) b.

$eq (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Mixed} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a does not equal (!==) b.

$in (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Array} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is in b using indexOf.

$nin (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Array} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a is not in b using indexOf.

$size (a, b)
  • @param {Mixed} a
  • @param {Number} b
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a has length of b. Returns false if a does not have a length. property.

$or (a)
  • @param {Array} a
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a has at least one truthy value.

$nor (a)
  • @param {Array} a
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a has zero truthy values.

$and (a)
  • @param {Array} a
  • @return {Boolean}

Assert a has all truthy values.

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2012 Jake Luer jake@qualiancy.com (http://qualiancy.com)

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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