jws

Implementation of JSON Web Signatures

npm install jws
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node-jws Build Status

An implementation of JSON Web Signatures.

This was developed against draft-ietf-jose-json-web-signature-08 and implements the entire spec except X.509 Certificate Chain signing/verifying (patches welcome).

There are both syncronous (jws.sign, jws.verify) and streaming (jws.createSign, jws.createVerify) APIs.

Install

$ npm install jws

Usage

jws.ALGORITHMS

Array of supported algorithms. The following algorithms are currently supported.

alg Parameter Value Digital Signature or MAC Algorithm
HS256 HMAC using SHA-256 hash algorithm
HS384 HMAC using SHA-384 hash algorithm
HS512 HMAC using SHA-512 hash algorithm
RS256 RSASSA using SHA-256 hash algorithm
RS384 RSASSA using SHA-384 hash algorithm
RS512 RSASSA using SHA-512 hash algorithm
ES256 ECDSA using P-256 curve and SHA-256 hash algorithm
ES384 ECDSA using P-384 curve and SHA-384 hash algorithm
ES512 ECDSA using P-521 curve and SHA-512 hash algorithm
none No digital signature or MAC value included

jws.sign(options)

(Synchronous) Return a JSON Web Signature for a header and a payload.

Options:

  • header
  • payload
  • secret or privateKey

header must be an object with an alg property. header.alg must be one a value found in jws.ALGORITHMS. See above for a table of supported algorithms.

If payload is not a buffer or a string, it will be coerced into a string using JSON.stringify.

Example

const signature = jws.sign({
  header: { alg: 'hs256' },
  payload: 'h. jon benjamin',
  secret: 'has a van',
});

jws.verify(signature, secretOrKey)

(Synchronous) Returnstrue or false for whether a signature matches a secret or key.

signature is a JWS Signature. secretOrKey is a string or buffer containing either the secret for HMAC algorithms, or the PEM encoded public key for RSA and ECDSA.

jws.decode(signature)

(Synchronous) Returns the decoded header, decoded payload, and signature parts of the JWS Signature.

Returns an object with three properties, e.g.

{ header: { alg: 'hs256' },
  payload: 'h. jon benjamin',
  signature: 'YOWPewyGHKu4Y_0M_vtlEnNlqmFOclqp4Hy6hVHfFT4'
}

jws.createSign(options)

Returns a new SignStream object.

Options:

  • header (required)
  • payload
  • key || privateKey || secret

Other than header, all options expect a string or a buffer when the value is known ahead of time, or a stream for convenience.

Example


// This...
jws.createSign({
  header: { alg: 'rs256' },
  privateKey: privateKeyStream,
  payload: payloadStream,
}).on('done', function(signature) {
  // ... 
});

// is equivilant to this:
const signer = jws.createSign(
  header: { alg: 'rs256' },
);
privateKeyStream.pipe(signer.privateKey);
payloadStream.pipe(signer.payload);
signer.on('done', function(signature) {
  // ...
});

jws.createVerify(options)

Returns a new VerifyStream object.

Options:

  • signature
  • key || publicKey || secret

All options expect a string or a buffer when the value is known ahead of time, or a stream for convenience.

Example


// This...
jws.createVerify({
  publicKey: pubKeyStream,
  signature: sigStream,
}).on('done', function(verified, obj) {
  // ... 
});

// is equivilant to this:
const verifier = jws.createVerify();
pubKeyStream.pipe(verifier.publicKey);
sigStream.pipe(verifier.signature);
verifier.on('done', function(verified, obj) {
  // ...
});

Class: SignStream

A Readable Stream that emits a single data event, the calculated signature, when done.

Event: 'done'

function (signature) { }

signer.payload

A Writable Stream that expects the JWS payload. Do not use if you passed a payload option to the constructor.

Example

payloadStream.pipe(signer.payload);

signer.secret
signer.key
signer.privateKey

A Writable Stream. Expects the JWS secret for HMAC, or the privateKey for ECDSA and RSA. Do not use if you passed a secret or key option to the constructor.

Example:

privateKeyStream.pipe(signer.privateKey);

Class: VerifyStream

This is a Readable Stream that emits a single data event, the result of whether or not that signature was valid.

Event: 'done'

function (valid, obj) { }

valid is a boolean for whether or not the signature is valid.

verifier.signature

A Writable Stream that expects a JWS Signature. Do not use if you passed a signature option to the constructor.

verifier.secret
verifier.key
verifier.publicKey

A Writable Stream that expects a public key or secret. Do not use if you passed a key or secret option to the constructor.

TODO

  • It feels like there should be some convenience options/APIs for defining the algorithm rather than having to define a header object with { alg: 'es512' } or whatever every time.

  • X.509 support, ugh

License

MIT

Copyright (c) 2013 Brian J. Brennan

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
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